Study the Correlation between Fecal Occult blood, C-Reactive Protein and Gastro-Intestinal Tract Cancer among Iraqi Patients

Abstract

AbstractBackground: Early detection of gastro-intestinal tract cancer (GIT) is necessary in order to increasing survival. Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a screening inexpensive test used to evaluate whether or not the upper digestive tract should be examined when the fecal occult blood test is.Objective: The objective of the project was to investigate the prevalence rate of GI tumor among the population of Al- Najaf city and study correlation between Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)¸ C - reactive protein (CRP) and Gastro-Intestinal Tract Cancer (GIT).Patients and Methods: Eighty patients with GIT cancers (16-80) years old. Samples were taken from Al –Sader Medical City Hospital in Al- Najaf city complaining from GIT cancers cases around the period Oct/ 2016 to the end of May/ 2017. Estimation of CRP, FOBT and body mass index (BMI) compared with 30 apparently healthy volunteers as control group who have no history or clinical evidence for any other chronic disease. All patients were exposed for questionnaire. Results: The result was observed that the mean age was 45.500± 15.602 with ratio female to male was 23:17 = 1.35. The prevalence of positive FOBT was 18(45%), CRP was 17(42.5%), while the mean of BMI was 44.90 ± 14.31with high significant p value (0.0001)Conclusion: The percentages of colon and stomach cancer were higher than other types of GIT cancer cases. Prevalence of positive result of FOBT was (40.9%) of colon cases and stomach cancer (50%). Majority of GIT patients were females with female to male ratio 23:17.

Keywords

GIT cancer, FOBT, BMI, CRP