The Originality of Simile in the Thought of Ibn Al-Jawzi (d. 597 H. ) : The Holy Qur'an as a Model

Abstract

Simile means that something is made as an instance of something else based on a common mutual feature between them. This likening is achieved through some tools or particles as ( Ka, ka'an and some other likening tools which include nouns or verbs like yashbah (resemble) , yuhaki (imitate) etc. Simile consists of four corners or elements: the thing that is to be likened which is called (mushabah), and the thing being compared to which is called (mushabah bihi) and the common denominator between the parties which is called (wajih al-shabah, face resemblance) which must be stronger and more famous than Mushabah mushabah bihi. The eloquence of analogy arises from the fact that it moves you from something to another similar thing or a wonderful image representing that thing .The more unusual or imaginative this movement is the more marvelous and admiring the simile is. This study is to reveal the magnificence of this rhetorical art embodied by Ibn Al-Jawzi through its use in the Qur'anic texts. One should not forget that Ibn Al-Jawzi was a preacher and a religious man. This study intends to reveal his contribution to our Arab culture and the way he paved for us.