Effect of Endometrial Scratch on Heparin Binding Epidermal Growth Factor Level in Women Undergoing Intrauterine Insemination

Abstract

Despite many improvements in Assisted reproductive techniques during the last three decades, clinical pregnancy and live-birth rates still nearly 30–40% and 20–30%, respectively. To enhance endometrial receptivity many attempts done one of the endometrial scratching could provoke delay in endometrial maturation reforms asynchrony between endometrium and the concepts and indeed induce wound healing by producing a considerable raise in the local secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors like Heparin Binding Epidermal Growth Factor (HBEGF) and its receptors has role in mediate the receptivity, maturation, and decidualization of endometrium and facilitates the implantation and development of both placenta and embryo. All women were undergone IUI procedure. They divided into two groups. Intervention group who did endometrial scratching by using pipelle catheter in luteal phase of preceding cycle and another blood sample aspirated before scratch. Control group include women without intervention of endometrial scratch. Both groups underwent controlled ovarian stimulation, triggering of ovulation and another blood sample was aspirated at day of IUI to measure level of HBEGF. 14 days later with luteal support, BHCG test underwent in blood to check pregnancy. Higher pregnancy rate among patients with scratch group (5/20) 25% than non-interventional group (3/25)12%. These result showed that HBEGF level in scratch group (386.1±124.7) is significantly higher than control group (279±189.3) as P-value was (0.035). Moreover, the HBEGF level at day of IUI (455.67±157.34) and in pregnant (563.9±163.66) is significantly higher than before scratch in scratch group (279.0±124.67), (406.26±138.89), as P-values were (0.00007, 0.049) respectively. Intentional local damage to the endometrium is a cost–effective procedure can be used to enhance