Selection of Optimal Locations For Emergency Centers Obtained Using the TOPSIS method

Abstract

In this thesis, a scientific method was used to combine statistical methods and statistical programs in the arrangement and analysis of raw data to obtain criteria and weights used with geographic information systems (GIS) programs and spatial analysis in determining the location of health emergency centers proposed for the visit of millions in the center of the holy governorate of Karbala, The number of visitors to the centers, the health center near the Husseini procession, the flow of visitors entering the city center, the influx of visitors out of the city center and the number of Hussainian processions within the area of each proposed health center. Topsis method was used to use the Matlab program for the purpose of analyzing the factors and restrictionthem to the main factors and to know which factor is most influential.It was concluded that the GIS program has great potential in the selection of optimal sites for the establishment of sites and health centers as well as the preparation of a strong geographical database, containing the natural and human variables affecting the health reality, in addition to the great ability to diagnose the faults according to statistical methods as a hypothesis The nearest and the standard distance and the construction of health databases designed to facilitate the exchange and analysis of information and classified the proposed emergency centers as important to Topsis (the most important and most important and important and less important) and obtained the following percentages of importance (7, 12% 18%, 3%) of the total number of proposed health emergency centers. That is, 57% of the proposed emergency centers were excluded under this method. The Topsis method was therefore more accurate in identifying centers of paramount importance.