Banū Zīrī and the Foundation of Granada: the Last Andalusian City that Resisted the Christian Invasion

Abstract

We cannot understand what Granada is today for Spain and the whole world without understanding several historical moments: the conquest by the Catholic kings, the Nasrid kingdom that gave it its most precious monument (Alhambra) and, particularly, the arrival of the Ziris in 1013. This paper analyses the keys to political evolution and the great transformations brought about by the arrival of the Zirids in Granada. It addresses issues such as: the causes of the migration of the Ziris from the Maghreb to al-Andalus, their establishment in Madinat Ilbira, their subsequent transfer and the fondation of Madinat Garnata. All of these factors had very important consequences for the history and archaeology of Southeastern Iberia