EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON AN EXHAUST EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE FUELED WITH DIESEL-WATER EMULSION

Abstract

One of the main sources of global air pollution is the undesirable gas emissions from diesel engines, as well as the accompanied particulate matters (PM). Consequently, the reduction of their amount and quality is highly recommended for clean environment. The present work includes an attempt to use diesel-water emulsion as a fuel on compression ignition (CI) engine emissions and to investigate its effect on these hurtful discharges. For this reason, tests are carried out on a single cylinder, 4-stroke CI engine with steady speed (1500 rpm) and different loads (0-100 %) operated with various proportions of diesel-water emulsions and compared it to the diesel fuel. Four samples of diesel-water emulsions are prepared at ratios of (5, 10, 15 and 20 %) by water volume in diesel and with help of Tween 20 and Oleic Acid as a surfactant to maintain its stability for long periods of time. Gas emissions of the engine are recorded for CO2, CO, HC, and NOX using an exhaust gas analyzer and smoke opacity using a device of smoke meter. Results reveal that the diesel-water emulsion significantly decreases the NOX emissions and smoke opacity. The highest reduction ratio for NOX and smoke opacity are found in case of fuel emulsion DW20, with values of 32.5 % and 39 % respectively, in comparison with that of diesel fuel.