The role of electronic auditing in verifying the principles and approaches of accounting measurement for financial instruments when adopting international financial reporting standards IFRS

Abstract

The diversity of financial assets owned by Iraqi companies, which are measured and presented in different ways according to the classification of these assets according to international financial reporting standards, and that re-measuring these assets (shares) affects the income statement and the financial position of companies according to the change in the fair value of shares. The auditor uses multiple auditing methods for the purpose of verifying the measurement and presentation of these assets, including the use of electronic means in auditing (computer auditing.(The aim of the research is to clarify what electronic auditing is and to explain and analyse the measurement requirements in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS - 9), in addition to preparing an electronic audit program that helps the auditor to verify the re measurement and presentation of the companies ’financial assets. Two mixed joint stock companies (Iraqi Company for Manufacturing and Marketing Dates - the National Company for Tourism Investments and Real Estate Projects) are adopted as a field of application by analysing their financial data for the year / 2018 and conducting a simulation of the outcome of the activity and the financial position of the company using an electronic audit program. This is to show the difference between the actual results and the results expected to be shown in light of the measurement principles adopted under international financial reporting standards. The researchers have concluded that the use of electronic means helps the auditor to conduct the audit process for the various financial assets due to their multiplicity and diversity in addition to the diversity of their market values. In addition, this enables the auditor to identify errors and indicate their impact on the income statement and budget and thus reach a final opinion on the financial statements towards the use of electronic means in auditing operations by professional organizations and relevant authorities for the purpose of speed and accuracy in completing auditing operations. Moreover, the necessity to prepare electronic programs for various auditing purposes in line with the activity of the bodies subject for auditing and training auditors in the use of such programs.

Keywords

The diversity of financial assets owned by Iraqi companies, which are measured and presented in different ways according to the classification of these assets according to international financial reporting standards, and that re-measuring these assets, shares affects the income statement and the financial position of companies according to the change in the fair value of shares. The auditor uses multiple auditing methods for the purpose of verifying the measurement and presentation of these assets, including the use of electronic means in auditing, computer auditing., The aim of the research is to clarify what electronic auditing is and to explain and analyse the measurement requirements in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standard, IFRS - 9, in addition to preparing an electronic audit program that helps the auditor to verify the re measurement and presentation of the companies ’financial assets. Two mixed joint stock companies, Iraqi Company for Manufacturing and Marketing Dates - the National Company for Tourism Investments and Real Estate Projects are adopted as a field of application by analysing their financial data for the year / 2018 and conducting a simulation of the outcome of the activity and the financial position of the company using an electronic audit program. This is to show the difference between the actual results and the results expected to be shown in light of the measurement principles adopted under international financial reporting standards. The researchers have concluded that the use of electronic means helps the auditor to conduct the audit process for the various financial assets due to their multiplicity and diversity in addition to the diversity of their market values. In addition, this enables the auditor to identify errors and indicate their impact on the income statement and budget and thus reach a final opinion on the financial statements towards the use of electronic means in auditing operations by professional organizations and relevant authorities for the purpose of speed and accuracy in completing auditing operations. Moreover, the necessity to prepare electronic programs for various auditing purposes in line with the activity of the bodies subject for auditing and training auditors in the use of such programs.