The Common States Responsibility For Environmental Pollution

Abstract

The global environmental degradation has imposed a number of challenges on the international community to address the consequences of this deterioration and to take procedures at the national and international levels to reduce it. Therefore، all countries are responsible for the environmental problems resulting from this degradation and to address the global destruction of the environment، but the responsibility of these countries is not the same. In spite of the need for all countries to bear this responsibility on the one hand، on the other hand should take into account the differences in the levels of economic development between these countries and scientific and technological development، as well as historical differences in the contributions of developed countries and developing countries in global environmental problems. This is the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities، which is currently an effective principle in international law. The main objective of this research is to ascertain the extent to which States are committed to applying this principle by studying the provisions of international law on this subject. This will be a study of the concept of the principle of common and differentiated responsibilities through its definition، components and follow its development. As well as the study of the legal nature of this principle and its legal basis by reviewing the international instruments that have adopted this principle and the provisions of customary international law relating to it. As well as the legal analysis of this principle