Threatening a teacher among adolescents in secondary schools

Abstract

Background: Threatening teachers increases their stress and impairs their emotional well-being. Thereare many reasons for violence against teachers. Threatening someone is considered as physicalaggression. Aggression is any behavior intended to harm another person who wishes to avoid such harmHigh rates of aggression were reported recently in Iraq, especially after wars.Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of students’ aggressive act and associated factors towardsteachers in secondary schools in an under-privileged residential area in Baghdad.Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Al-Sadr city in Baghdad. A total of 720adolescent secondary schools students from both genders were included in the study. They were selectedby multistage random sampling. Their age ranged from 13-21 years. Data was collected from 1st ofFebruary 2019 to 30th of April 2019 through a self-administrated questionnaire (Aggression-ProblemBehavior Frequency Scale).Results: The mean age of participants was 16.2±2.04 years. Of all participants, 84.3% were assessed tobe aggressive. There was a significant difference between aggressive acts (threatening a teacher) andgender, school type, grades, history of absence from school, unemployed mother, and living with oneparent (P=0.038, P=0.009, P<0.001,p= 0.02 and p=0.018,P<0.001, respectively). Among male students10% reported that they threatened a teacher.Conclusion: the prevalence of aggressive acts towards teachers in secondary schools in an underprivileged residential area in Baghdad was high. Threatening a teacher was dominant among malestudents, secondary schools, grades, students with history of absence from school, unemployed mother,and living with one parent.