The effect of the change of physical capital and spending on education on the gross domestic product in Jordan for the period (1985-2017) an analytical study

Abstract

The research aims to identify the changes in the values of GDP in Jordan, which are accompanied by changes of production factors represented by physical capital and human capital after its development through spending on education, and to show what these indicators generate from important and clear effects on improving the productivity of capital elements. Which in turn contributes to economic growth, and that the weak productivity of the factors of production, labor and capital, weakens the role of the productive apparatus in increasing the growth rates of GDP. These variables have been analyzed based on the descriptive approach. The research found that there are large and fluctuating changes in the gross domestic product in Jordan, which were accompanied by changes in the values of physical capital and human capital after spending was made on educating human cadres in Jordan and making them more effective and more contributing to increasing production rates and thus raising the growth rates of GDP. Overall, the development of physical capital by taking advantage of the increases in national income and raising the percentage of spending on education from the national income for the purpose of developing human capital in order to increase the productivity of the production elements and increase the rates of economic growth in Jordan