Social interpretation of the problem of juvenile delinquency


Juvenile delinquency is a problem that has received the attention of a center of specialists in criminal, social and psychological sciences. And you may not be far from the circle of righteousness if we say that the secret of this interest is due, on the one hand, to the connection of this problem with an important segment of society, but it is the segment of events upon which nations hold high hopes in the process of building their future, and on the other hand they return to what they represent from a large material loss. The social commission bears it through investigations of delinquent juveniles, court pleadings, treatment within correctional institutions, and subsequent care for the release of human beings and human societies through the stages of its development, it did not stand idly by about this problem, but rather it addressed a narrative ranging from severity or tolerance and reform, in Hammurabi law there was no An explicit text on the crimes of children, except that the seventh article of it used to indicate that a person who buys goods stolen from a slave or a minor (i.e. an juvenile was punished only with that person without a servant or a minor, and the Roman law to make the minor responsible criminally after the seventh, yet it is Accountable - our loved ones - the child under the seventh if he commits an act with the intention of harming others, and Islamic Sharia established criminal disciplinary penalties for juvenile offenders from the age of (۸ - 15) years and some jurisprudence If he made it ۱۸ a year, and according to the laws of the Middle Ages, the treatment of delinquent juveniles was cruel. For example, the East Jersey State Law - in 1688 - indicated in America that a child who insults and insults his parents or is stuck or bitchy is punished with death, and by the treaty of the revolution French and the spread of the denial of freedom and human rights The voices of thinkers (Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, Carria, Bename ...) that demanded the adoption of a humanistic view of the treatment of criminals whether they were adults or juveniles increased, and with this increasing demand, amendments to the penal laws and the laws and courts of juveniles appeared in Most of the countries of the world, and the punishment has become a social function based on therapeutic and reformative foundations, and Iraq was not far from this reform policy, as it also followed a sound humanitarian approach in the treatment and reform of juveniles, and this is what Article Twenty of the Iraqi Juvenile Law No. 14 issued in the year ۱۹۷۲ (revised) indicated. When she indicated that the event should be taken.Our research is an attempt that aims to identify the social interpretation of the problem of juvenile delinquency, followed by a gradual presentation that begins by defining the central concepts of research (delinquency, juvenile), and then the social interpretation of delinquency, which often revolves around disordered social influences contained in the family, underdeveloped neighborhoods, school environment, environment Work, bad company (group) and spend free time with harmful activities.