The traditions of burying the dead in Tal Halawa through the excavations of the University of Mosul, season February 22, 1978

Abstract

The University of Mosul has started its work on the archaeological site called (Tal Halawa). Which is located in Diyala Governorate, and is about 12 km to the southeast of Qarataba, in the period between February 2 and July 7 of the year 17 in its first season.Tell Halawa is a large archaeological settlement consisting of two elevations, the height of the top of which is more than twelve meters above the level of the adjacent plain, and there are several less important archaeological mounds near it, as indicated by the searches that were conducted in them. It can be said that this hill is the main settlement in this region, which appears to have an agricultural pastoral character.The first layer, which was excavated, was distinguished by the discoveries of a distinctive civilization of the Mesopotamian civilization, one of which was the graves subject to research for one reason, which is that most of the remnants of this layer came from graves that reached (() graves, as the waste contained different types of jars, cups, flasks and saucers Saddles, various necklaces and metal tools, including axes, axes, spear heads, knives, staples, pins and brass rings. In addition to the presence of the remnants of light Parthian settlement, its effects appeared on the first layer as it appeared during the excavation.As for the prevailing method of burial and belief, it has taken similar and parallel aspects since prehistoric and historical eras in Iraq, the ancient Near East and the world at large. However, the ancient religions have more elements of resemblance than the elements of difference, and it is possible that this similarity to the ancient religious beliefs is that they spread from one center or from several centers that lived in similar conditions. Civilization from one region to another.