Knowledge and Attitudes of Mothers towards Neonatal Jaundice in Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children

Abstract

Background: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is one of the most common disorder of newborns worldwide. Delay in the detection of NNJ and improper treatment could lead to neonatal morbidity and mortality. The mother’s knowledge and health-seeking behaviors play an important role in the fate of this hazard.Objectives: To determine the level of knowledge and attitude of mothers in Karbala city towards NNJ, and its correlates.Subject and methods: A Cross-sectional study had been taken in Karbala Teaching Hospital for Children. A convenient sample of a total 164 mothers of neonate with jaundice. The data were collected through direct interview with the mothers, using a special designed questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences program was used for statistical analysis. Result: The mean knowledge score was good. Where (51.2%) of mothers had good knowledge and (48.8%) had fair knowledge. Although knowledge of mothers about onset, duration, causes and treatment of jaundice was acceptable (fair), it was good about definition and symptoms, complications and way of diagnosis. Knowledge level had a significant association with urban resident mothers (P=0.032). The mean attitude score was positive attitude (0.70 out of 1). A significant association between positive mother's attitudes towards NNJ and being older mother (P=0.034), multiparty (P=0.032) and good Antenatal care (P<0.001). Higher knowledge score was significantly correlated with higher attitude score, (R=0.179, P = 0.022).Conclusion: The overall knowledge of mothers is good, and the overall attitude is good (positive attitude). However, cultural beliefs and traditional baby care still have an impact on mothers.