Assessment of socio-demographic and psychiatric history characteristics among the outpatient with major depressive disorder in Sulaimani city


Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) ranked 4th leading cause of disability worldwide and is one of the most common mental health condition, it impacts mood, behavior as well as physical condition, and suicide behavior is common. Epidemiological studies indicated that MDD has numerous individual, family and social factors associated with its prevalence, and the socio demographic factors have consistently been identified as important factors in explaining the variability in prevalence. Aims of the study: The study aims to assess the prevalence risk factors of socio-demographic and psychiatric history characteristics associated with major depressive disorder among outpatients in Sulaimani city. Methodology: The study involves 329 outpatients with prior diagnosis with major depressive disorder were recruited of the psychiatric clinic in AliKamal consultation center in Sulaimani city via convenience sampling. A questionnaire constructed by the researcher was used to assess the socio-demographic and psychiatric history characteristics. The data collected through face to face interview method and the ethical considerations and preventive measures of covid-19 disease were implemented. The launches were on October 2021 until December, 2021. The SPSS-version 25 was useing for data analysis. Results: The majority of the outpatients with MDD were females (190, %58) mostly married with low education level and insufficient economic status than males (p˂0.05) large proportion of females (160, 64%) had duration of illness 1-4 year compared to 36% (72) for males, in addition males had more than two number of hospitalization 100% (19) compare to 0% in females due to relapse episode. The suicide attempt was none risk factor associated with major depressive (p˃0.05). Conclusion: This study highlights the risk indicators of socio-demographic and psychiatric history characteristics among outpatients with major depressive disorder that need more continuous interventions. Recommendations: The study recommends that future further studies needed to investigate more risk factors among outpatients and planning strategies to minimize its effect on sufferers.