Responsibility for violating the principle of humanity


Wars represent a vital environment for violations, in which the permissible and the forbidden are mixed, and that international humanitarian law tends to define international crimes, by providing for cases of exposure and assault on original human rights, public order and the safety of states, or exposure to international peace and security. The four Geneva Conventions of 1949, and the Additional Protocol I attached thereto of 1977, included a list of serious crimes (grave violations) that the signatory states committed themselves to criminalizing in their legislation and to enact appropriate penalties for them. As a new branch in the branches of international law, including in the course of stipulating the penalties for violating the rules of the principle of humanity in particular, and the rules of international humanitarian law in general