The effect of psychological capital on contextual performance


AbstractThe current research focused on knowing the role of the independent variable (psychological capital) with its dimensions (self-efficacy, hope, optimism, flexibility) in enhancing the dependent variable (contextual performance), which is one-dimensional. The research used a globally controlled questionnaire as a main tool for data collection. The questionnaire forms were distributed to (152) employees distributed in the Diwaniyah Dairy Factory, and the research interest was focused on testing two main hypotheses. Three sub-hypotheses were derived from each hypothesis, using a set of statistical methods, most notably the arithmetic mean, linear regression model, standard deviation, and ratios. Percentage, Pearson correlation coefficient, ANOVA analysis, and data were extracted using the statistical program (SPSS, V.27). The research reached several conclusions, including the existence of a positive correlation with statistical significance for the dimensions of psychological capital with the other variable, which is the one-dimensional contextual performance. Therefore, all the sub- and main research hypotheses were accepted. The research summarized with a set of recommendations that support this relationship and enhance the practices of the head. Psychological money in the factory by spreading optimism, hope, flexibility and enhancing self-efficacy to obtaiis n moral outputs among workers that enhance the spirit of citizenship and teamwork and voluntary work among individuals that represent strengths for the factory and return to normal condi,tions after facing difficulties. All of these advantages support the competitive position of the institution. Al-Diwaniyah Dairy Factory was chosen from among other factories for its ease of access and obtaining the required information, in addition to being self-financed and in accordance with the objectives of the study in a way that contributes to the embodiment of the study model and hypothesis testing.