Effect Of Pooled and Flat Stepped Spillway on Energy Dissipation Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Abstract

The goal of this research was to determine the impact of a pooled and flat stepped spillway on energy losses. FLOW3D, which is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program, with mesh size of 0.015 mm was used for this purpose. First, the code was tested against an available experimental model data for both water flow depth and inception point position. The outcome precisely shows agreement with the available laboratory work. Second, the energy dissipation and residual head of two different types of stepped spillways, flat and pool was computationally compared. The results show that in a pooled stepped spillway, energy dissipation is larger than in a flat step. In addition, the residual head reduces for pooled stepped chutes.