Influence of watery and alcoholic extracts of Capparis Spinosa plant on bacterial activity


Alternative pharmacological treatments are the recent medical trend due to their low cost and light side effects. Capparis spinosa has a therapeutic history in many societies. Different parts of C. spinosa are also used as drugs to treat several diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the antibacterial activity of C. spinosa against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Extraction of the C. spinosa leaves and fruits was performed by using water and 95% ethanol. The biologically active substances were determined using the chemical reagents detection and the optical density spectrum methods, and the effect of these extracts on bacterial activity was studied. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the extraction products of ethanol and distilled water. Also, the results showed that both the leaf and fruit extracts have an effect on the bacterial activity. C. spinosa leaves and fruit extracts have antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains.