National policies to combat extremism in Iraq after 2003

Abstract

Iraq, like other countries, suffers from the phenomenon of extremism, which increased in severity after 2003. This is due to internal and external factors, which led to the rise of hate speech and extremism at the expense of moderation and tolerance, as well as the strengthening of sub-identities at the expense of national identity, which are ideas that are alien to Iraqi society. In addition to the political differences between the parties and the high rates of poverty and unemployment, which played a major role in the emergence of extremism, the external factor that helped fuel extremism cannot be overlooked. Therefore, there are many official and unofficial national remedies that the government must take to put an end to the phenomenon of extremism and combat it. This is what the Iraqi government sought to establish by establishing the National Committee to Combat Violent Extremism, whose mission is to combat this phenomenon by taking preventive measures.