Morphological relationship of face form in lateral and frontal planes of young Iraqi adults (18-25) years in mosul city

Abstract

To determine the face type of young Iraqi adults in Mosul city and to find out the possible relationship of the face form in frontal and lateral planes.The sample subjects were normal class I molar and canine relationship, all subjects were following special criteria. The sample included: 60 Iraqi young adults (30 males and 30 females), aged (18-25) years. All subjects were radiographic with lateral and frontal cephalometric and the films were traced. The tracing is done including the external and internal contour of cranium, pituitary fossa, nasomaxillary complex and the mandible and it's out lie. The result was subjected to the descriptive statistics, to T-student test and to chi-square test to investigate the sex difference of facial type and means between the two sexes.All the linear measurements are significantly differ with the males having the large value. From the lateral view, the majority of the sample (60,9%) having mesofacial type with no significant difference between the two sexes, followed by dolichofacial type (34,4%) with the females having significantly large value than males, and the least brachyfacial type (4,7%) with the females having significantly large value.From the frontal view, the majority of the sample (84, 4%) having leptoprosopic type with no significant difference, followed by mesoprosopic type (15, 6%) with the females having significantly large value than males.The most frequent facial pattern, of this present sample in lateral view is mesofacial followed by dolichofacial and the least is brachyfacial, while in frontal view is leptoprosopic followed by mesoprosopic type. There is good correlation between facial type in frontal and lateral planes.