The Granger Causality Relation between Foreign Capital and Domestic Investment for the Sample of the Asian Countries 1970-2007


AbstractThe degree of integration in the global financial markets has increased dramatically in recent years. Net capital flows to developing economics have reached the highest level since the 1980s debt crisis. The composition of international Capital flows to developing economics has also become more adverse in the last decade or so. There has been a shift from long-term loans mainly belong to governments, to short-term loans belong to private sector, and from bank to non-bank sources such as direct investment flows and portfolio investments. This main objective of this research is provides quantitative assessments of the effect of various types of the foreign capital flows on the Investment rate of a sample of Asian countries for the period (1970-2007). The empirical analysis was based on Structural Vector Auto Regression (SVAR) and Granger Causality test, and we found; first, the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has enhancing and increasing the domestic investment. Second, the domestic savings contribute positively to growth. Third, the short-term capital inflows (Hot Money) are more volatile and have adverse effect on the economic growth. The volatile of its rate had contributed strongly in created the crisis in Asian financial markets.