Using of Microwaves for Skin Depth Determination of Moist Soils for Mosul City


Results of an experimental and theoretical programs were presented to determine the impact of soil moisture content and the soil composition on microwave radiometric emission and microwave signal skin depth (which is one of the most importance parameter in remote sensing data set), as well as attenuation coefficient within nonvegetable soil surfaces. The measurements are depending on the relative dielectric constant that practically carried out by this research. The measurements have been conducted for three common types of soil in Mosul area (ornamental, cropland, and orchard) at a microwave frequency of 6GHz (C-band).The expected brightness temperatures of these soil samples and the skin depth have been computed. The results show that the observed microwave skin depth is relatively high for ornamental type more than that of cropland and orchard