An Investigation of The Up and Down End Milling Force Process under Runout and Tilting Effects


This paper provides a comprehensive study into cutting forces for (Up and Down) milling process methods either through machine cutting tool errors (Run out and/or Tilting) or not according to vectorial multi-axis rigid cutting force model where flat end mill cutter with peripheral cutting is used. This paper instates a contribution to illustrate the nonsmooth characteristic of milling operation.Theoretical analysis of the milling process is conducted in this study by simulating the mathematical model of the process through a computer program prepared in FORTRAN language. The theoretical analysis consists of empirical parameters which are estimated according to measured force data for material cutter and range of cutting conditions taken from references concerned with numerical simulation of milling process