Changing The Areas Of The Southern Iraqi Marshes, Their Future Ecology

Abstract

Wet lands in Southern Iraq , as a water area , has been exposed to important changes and this is due to two basic factors : the natural and politic – economic . The natural factors , closely related to the changes in the worlds climate : the politico – economic factor which related to two directions : internal (subjective) and external (objective) . There two factors have collaborated together in bringing lost a decline in the quantity of water flowing into Tigris and Euphrates and their tributaries which has resulted in a decline in the water levels in the areas covered with eater in the marsh areas , which have their impact on the ecosystem , and plants .