The Reasons and the Possible Risk Factors of Admission of Newborn Babies to the Neonatal Care Units in Baghdad


Background: The patterns of morbidity of the neonate vary among different communities according to socioeconomic and medical factors.Aim: To identify the reasons and the possible risk factors for neonate admission to the neonatal care unit.Subjects and Methods: - A hospital based case- control study was conducted in Baghdad between 20 March 2005 and 15 August 2005. The study included 164 newborns admitted to neonatal care units of 3 teaching hospitals of pediatrics; it also included 164 healthy neonates who were attended three primary health care centers for BCG vaccination (this group was considered as the control group). The data was collected through interviewing the mothers, by using a special form of questionnaire; the data included information about the neonate, mother, pregnancy and delivery.Results: Jaundice was the main reason for hospital admission (44.5%). The associated risk factors related to the baby were: male gender, LBW, Prematurity, age a week or (less).The method of delivery, presence of congenital anomaly or the type of pregnancy was found to have no statistical significant relation ship with neonatal hospitalization.The associated maternal risk factors were: low educational level, age of 20 years or less, inadequate antenatal care and presence of urinary tract infection and premature uterine contraction during pregnancy.Key Words: -Reasons, Risk Factors, Neonate NCU