Effect of Administration of Crystalloid I.V Fluids Preoperatively on Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting

Abstract

Background: postoperative nausea and vomiting are the most common complications of surgery and recent studies suggest that dehydration may be a precipitating factor in the occurrence of postoperative nausea and vomiting.Objective: to test the hypothesis that large volume preoperative IV fluid therapy attenuates postoperative nausea and vomiting.Methods: using nausea and vomiting scale. The nausea and vomiting were measured in 120 postoperative patients who were undergone different major surgeries and either received large volume preoperative IV fluid therapy or did not receive IV fluid therapy in the Medical City, Al-Yarmouk, and Al-Karama Teaching Hospitals, in Baghdad.Results: the overall incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in the 1st five hours was not significantly p(>0.05) reduced in patients who received preoperative IV fluids when compared with those who did not.Conclusion: postoperative nausea and vomiting are not affected by administration of large volume preoperative IV fluid therapy to surgical patients.Keywords: Intravenous fluids, postoperative nausea and vomiting.