Oral health status and treatment needs among 3-12 years old children with cleft lip and/or palate in Iraq


Background: This study aims to illustrate the oral health status of children with cleft lip and/or palate.Materials and methods: 233 cleft lip and/or palate Iraqi patients had participated in this study. 108(57 boys, 51 girls)within the age (3-12) years were selected from the total sample and submitted to a questionnaire and clinicalexamination. Dental caries, plaque index and gingival index, the pocket depth were recorded.Results: The mean dmfs=14.606±1.477, dmft=5.862± 0.461, the mean DMFS=2.202±0.383, DMFT=1.339± 0.195 withstatistically non significant difference among different types of cleft. The highest percentage were in need to onesurface filling (79.6%), followed by two surface filling (65.7%). The mean PI=1.663±0.051, with statistically not significantdifference among different types of cleft. The mean GI=1.211±0.038, with statistically not significant differenceamong different types of cleft. Regarding pocket depth significant differences were in the distal site of the canine,mesial, palatal and labial sites of the lateral incisor, and all the sites of the central incisor, and highly significantdifference in the distal site of the lateral incisor.Conclusion: The cleft lip and/or palate patient have major oral health problems regarding the dental caries, dentalplaque, gingival condition, pocket depth and dental treatment needs