Screening of Human Cytomegalovirus (CMV) in Diabetic Patients in Najaf Governorate


The aim of current study was to study the relationship between the virus and diabetes mellitus through detection of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in diabetic patients in Najaf governorate by screening of anti-human cytomegalovirus IgM antibodies in the serum of diabetic patients by using of ELISA technique and detection of human cytomegalovirus DNA in blood samples by using of PCR technique. Blood samples collected from 140 diabetic patients randomly. ELISA technique was used to know the activity of humeral immunity among patients through detection of anti-HCMV IgM antibodies, where the result showed that IgM profile was positive in 49 patients(35 %). Regarding PCR technique, the study showed that among 140 diabetic patients gave positive results in 27 patients(19.2%); In contrast, the results of control group were negative for anti-HCMV IgM antibodies in both ELISA and PCR technique. This study concluded that the higher prevalence of seropositivity for human CMV in diabetic patients comparing with normal individuals which means that cytomegalovirus patients with diabetic were at high risk for CMV infections. A higher prevalence of CMV antibodies was observed in diabetic patients of all age-groups as compared with control group.


HCMV, Diabetic, ELISA, PCR.