Comparison study of some mechanical properties of micro and nano silica EP composites


The effect of micro-and nano silica particles (silica SiO2 (100 μm), Fused silica (12nm)) on some mechanical properties of epoxy resin was investigated (Young's modulus, Flexural strength). The micro-and nano composites were prepared by using three steps process with different volume fraction of micro-and nano particles (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 15, and 20 vol. %). Flexural strength and Young's modulus of nano composites were increased at low volume fraction (max. enhancement at 4 vol.% ). However at higher volume fraction both Young's modulus and flexural strength decrease. Moreover, above, the mechanical properties are enhanced more than that of neat epoxy resin. The flexural strength decreases with increasing the volume fraction of micro silica especially at high volume fraction while Young's modulus increases with increasing the volume fraction. Gelling time of epoxy resin was highly affected by adding nano-particles and also using ultrasonic homogenizer. It was found that mode failures were depend on particles size and volume fraction.