Simulation of indoor solar illumination system for a library hall in Baghdad city


A concept of indoor solar illumination is described and simulated. The solar illumination system is composed of a tracking primary reflector, a selective secondary reflector, a visible light guide and a scattering solid glass tube fixture. Each part of the solar illumination system is optically suited and compatible with other parts to realize high efficiency. The simulation is conducted for Baghdad city for a library hall. Two major days over a year are chosen to investigate the illumination system for acceptable visible light level for reading hall. The two days are: summer solstice day and winter solstice day at 8:00 AM and 12:00 PM for each. Research results showed that the design of the solar system is achieved on the base of minimum solar illuminance level at the starting day for office work at 8:00 AM on 21 December. Aluminum coated dish is the preferred comparing with silver coated dish which their solar illuminance for one meter dish diameter are so close for reading hall visible light level. Their values are 538Lux for Aluminum and 589Lux for Silver.