KNOWLEDGE NEEDS FOR RURAL WOMEN IN HOLDING LAYING HENS IN CAGES IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF IRAQ

Abstract

The research aimed to identify the knowledge needs of rural women beneficiaries of the rearing laying hen's project, and to determine the differences of these needs according to personal and social variables. To achieve the objectives of the research. Fifth scale was prepared to measure knowledge needs assessment which consist of 25 items and were distributed among three axes: preparing cages, period growth of chicks, period of egg production. The highest measurements degree was 125 degree and the lowest was 25 degree. Data were collected as a questionnaire by mean of sample proportional rate of 30% of the research community out of 290 researchers and by 88 women rural from provinces of the central region of Iraq by interview method. The research revealed that the average degree of knowledge needs of women respondents in breeding hen's cages was 89.9 degree and 54.5% of rural women respondents were at the high level of whose arrange between 76-100 degree and the highest need in the period of egg production axis. The results also showed there were significant differences in knowledge needs according to age, educational level, while there were no significant differences according to social situation, the level of the contribution of project in family income, and concluded there was a large need knowledge of all rural women beneficiaries of the project, the lack and poor educational and training services provided to rural women in general. Recommend upon results of the research to support and encourage small enterprises and productive family programs, as well as the importance of the participation of civil society organizations in support of the economic role of rural women.