Historical Phases of the Architectural Plan for Karbala City


The research deals with the historical processes for drawing up the elementary designs and plans of Karbala City since its establishment until present. The city also passed through many architectural reformations to control its development and growth processes. The Ottoman ruler, Madhit Pasha's reforms were considered the most important designs to the city in the eighteenth century. Since such plans paved the way for new future growth that the city witnessed throughout its long architectural history. It also transferred the city from its old civilian construction to modern planning. Concerning the modern history, the Germanic Doxidas Association puts a new design for the city in the late fifties of the last century. Such designs took all the city changes and its planning, spatial and population elements followed by a number of planning modification that were applied to the city centre as well as limiting the future growth fields into consideration.