Chronic Kidny Disease and Risk of coronary Artery Disease,Aprospective study

Abstract

AbstractBackground:Reduced glomeular filtration rate isassociated with increasedmorbidity in patientswith coronary arterydisease.Objectives :To analyze the declining eGFR andmortality risks in a patients with Chronic KidneyDisease and have had Coronary Artery Diseaseincluding risk factors .Patientsand Methods:The study included (160)patientsbetween the ages of 16 and 87years.Glomerular filtration rate was estimated (eGFR)using the Modification of Diet in Renal Diseaseequationand was categorized in the ranges<60 mL· min−1 per 1.73 m2and≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2.Baseline risk factors were analyzed by category ofeGFR,.The studied patients in emergencydepartment, were investigatedusing Coxproportional hazard models adjusting for traditionalrisk factors.Results:The study included (106) male (54)and female (52) between the ages of 16 and87Years mean age (54.9±15.2).The eGFR dataare calculated for all randomized studiedPatientseGFR <60ml/min/1.73 m287 (82%),and group of patients with eGFR ≥60ml/min/1.73 m219(18%). Overall there was(44) death 42% mortality risk. Patients witheGFR≥60 ml/min/1.73m219(18%), positivehistory of (CAD) is 3 (15.8%) and negativehistory of (CAD) is16 (84.2%, P=0.0001).group with reduced eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m2and positive history of (CAD) 42(48.2%), andwith negative history is 45(51.8%). In eGFR≥60ml/min/1.73 m2group and positive historyof (CAD), the mortality rate is2 (10.5%) and innegative history (CAD) group is 17 (89.5%)Conclusion:This study concluded that impaired GFR,in an adult population, is independentlyassociated with significant levels of increasedrisk of mortality of fatal and nonfatal coronaryevents ,e GFR change over time addsprognostic information to traditional mortalityrisk predictors among patients withchronic