Assessment of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Al-Salam Teaching Hospital in Mosul City

Abstract

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy has now been part of conventional medical practice for over thirty years following the development of useable flexible fibreoptic endoscopes in the early 1970’s.Aim: The study aim is to assess the gastrointestinal endoscopy outcomes and risk factors associated it'sin Al-Salam Teaching Hospital, Mosul City.Methodology: The samples purposively collected from the patients who referred for gastrointestinal endoscopies unit in Al-Salam Teaching Hospital in Mosul City for period from (20/1/2013) to (20/3/2013). The study sampled consist of (64) participants, (32) males and (32) females, (28.1%) their ages ranged between (46 – 55) years. The data were arranged for gender, age, locality, and the outcomes of the procedure.Results: Sixty four gastrointestinal procedure were performed. Of those who had positive endoscopic findings; gastritis (18.8%), duodenitis (12.5%), and esophagitis, gastric ulcer (7.8%).The study also found that highest percentage of the sample were married, primary educational level, housewife, and urban region. Over two third of study patient's habitual status were NSAIDs followed one third of study patients were smoker. Conclusion: The study showed highest percentage endoscopic finding sited in stomach and esophagus. Recommendation: The study recommended availability of endoscopic facilities at all hospitals in country and make it accessible to all population and thus enables earlier diagnosis of digestive tract diseases. Providing comprehensive care for the patient when undergoing endoscopic procedures, which are in the nature of the case more important and technically complex and this care is provided through the training of nurses trained specifically for endoscopy