Evaluation of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system in Kerkuk governorate

Abstract

Context: High quality acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system is a aquite important strategy for polio eradication. Surveillance data are the cornerstone to document a national polio free status.
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system in Kerkuk Governorate.
Methods: Program evaluation of the Directorate of health, primary health care districts (sectors), hospitals, and primary health care centers in Kerkuk Governorate. All the responsible personnel for the acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system were interviewed and included in addition to the relevant records. Ordinary percentages were used in the description of acute flaccid paralysis cases. While rates were used in the evaluation of the performance indicators.
Results: The study revealed a sensitive acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system (Non polio acute flaccid paralysis rate 3.98 and 3.1 in 2005 and 2006 respectively) with clear field guidelines. All the performance indicators were high indicating a high quality surveillance system in Kerkuk Governorate.
Conclusions: Solid surveillance structure, regular contract and excellent case management were observed, in addition to regular passive and active surveillance.

Keywords

AFP, polio