Possible/ Narrative Worlds and Mental Spaces in Joyce's Araby: A Cognitive Stylistic Study

Abstract

In cognitive poetics, theories have been proposed to account for the construction of fictional worlds and characters' mental spaces. In relation of narrative worlds, it is postulated that in a narrative there is an actual world and a number of possible worlds or sub-worlds that have to do with characters' feelings, plans, wishes, assumptions and knowledge. As to spaces, a number of mental spaces are proposed that work to develop the narrative event and furnish the narrative world. In this research, these theories are blended and applied to Joyce's Araby. Results crop up to affirm the story's heavy reliance on the major character's sub- worlds which are marked by their epistemic, hypothetical and attitudinal nature. Mental spaces are also explored in a way that lends support to the construction and expansion of the possible worlds.