Trace Elements Levels and Oral Manifestations in Type 2 Diabetic Patients


ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been shown to be associated with oral manifestations and abnormalities in the metabolism of micronutrients, especially copper, zinc, and magnesium. OBJECTIVE: To study the oral manifestations in type 2 diabetic patients and to estimate trace elements levels such as copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), and magnesium (Mg) in those patients comparing to control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 diabetic patients were studied for their oral manifestations and trace elements levels including serum copper, zinc, and magnesium; their age range was (40-55) years and compared with 30 healthy controls. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in serum Cu, Zn, and Mg in DM patients as compared with their controls, (P < 0.05). Also, several oral complications are seen among diabetics. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that several oral complications are seen in diabetic patients. The deficiency of some essential trace metals such as Cu, Zn, and Mg may play a role in the development of diabetes.