Isolation and Identification of Bacterial Burn Wound Infection and Their Sensitivity to Antibiotics

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the bacteriological profile and the resistance pattern of burn wound bacteria to the most common antibiotics . A total of 100 burn wound swabs were collected from burn patients from 4 hospitals in Baghdad province. After the swabs had been cultured on different media, conventional biochemical tests to identify bacterial isolates and antimicrobial sensitivity to the most common antibiotics were performed.The total positive swabs for bacterial isolation was 89 , of which , Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most commonest pathogen [31.46%] followed by Klebsiella spp. [22.47%] , Staphylococcus aureus [20.22%] , Escherichia coli [15.73%] and Proteus spp. [10.11%] . Most isolates showed high resistance to cephalothin and trimethoprim , and high susceptibility to nalidixic acid and amikacin. Despite the rapid improvement in medical care , wound burn infection still represent a serious problem for burn patients, with many bacteria developed different degrees of resistance to most known antibiotics