Discourse Analysis in an EFL Science Classroom


This paper presents a discourse analysis of a Grade 5 science lesson in a Baghdad school. The purpose and context of the study is described in the introduction of the paper. This is followed by a literature review where the function of discourse analysis and its utility in a science classroom are discussed in the light of scholarly research. Some of the common techniques and frameworks employed in discourse analysis in classrooms are also identified and discussed in the literature review section. The problem statement for the present research is presented and followed by the research objectives and chosen methodology. The analysis section of the report presents an extract from the recorded transcript of the lesson which forms the basis for the subsequent analysis. The analysis studies the use of functional grammar, vocabulary, inclusive language and nonverbal language by the teacher. This used to identify how discourse in the classroom influences power sharing and role definition in the classroom. The findings are then used to conclude whether the classroom presents an engaging