Fulltext

Nanostructured CdSnSe Thin Films Prepared by DC Plasma Sputtering of Thermally Casted Targets

Oday A. Hammadi

Iraqi Journal of Applied Physics المجلة العراقية للفيزياء التطبيقية
ISSN: 18132065 23091673 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 33-36
Publisher: iraqi society for alternative and renewable energy sources and techniques الجمعية العراقية لمصادر وتقنيات الطاقة البديلة والمستجدة

Abstract

In this work, nanostructured cadmium tin selenide (CdSnSe) thin films were deposited on glass substrates by dc plasma sputtering technique. The sputtered target was prepared by the thermal casting of Cd, Sn and Se samples at 350°C. The structural characterizations showed that the prepared targets were polycrystalline while the deposited CdSnSe films exhibited amorphous structure due to the growth of nanostructures on the substrates, which was also confirmed by the scanning electron microscopy. These films showed high absorption in the ultraviolet and visible regions while low absorption was observed in the near-infrared region (>800nm). They have two allowed types of energy band gaps; indirect at 1.233eV and direct at 1.655eV. The dispersion relationship showed that these films have approximately constant refractive index in the visible region, which is attributed to the optical homogeneity of the prepared films.

Keywords

CdSnSe --- Thin films --- Plasma sputtering --- Thermal casting