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The influence of type I diabetes mellitus on dentition and oral health of children and adolescents attending two diabetic centers in Erbil city

تأثير داء السكري من النوع الأول على طب الأسنان وصحة الفم للأطفال والمراهقين الذين يحضرون مركزين لمرضى السكري في مدينة أربيل

Vian O. Majeed --- Sazgar M. Saber --- Hemn M. Sarmamy

Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية
ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 204-212
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Abstract

Background and objectives: The aim was to determine the effect of type I diabetes melli-tus on eruption time of dentition and to evaluate the dental caries, debris, calculus and gin-gival index in two groups.Methods: Type I diabetic children and adolescents with age range (6-14) years who were attending to Layla Qasim Center for Diabetes and The Diabetic Child Association Center in Erbil city were included in this study from December 2010 to March 2011. The dentition of all participants was examined for eruption. Besides, the DMF/dmf index, debris index (DI), gingival index (GI) and calculus index (CI) were evaluated. Data obtained from each group were compared statistically.Results: When compared to the non-diabetic group, we observed that dental development was as early as (1.6) years in diabetic group. Results also showed that the total mean value of caries experienced (dmft, dmfs,DMFT and DMFS) by the diabetic group was less than that of the control group with significant differences. The gingival index among dia-betic group was higher than the control group. The total mean value of simplified debris index in control group was higher than the diabetic group. In contrast, simplified calculus index was less in diabetic group with a significant difference between them.Conclusion: The findings showed that patients with type I diabetes mellitus had an earlier tooth eruption and plays an important part in the oral health of children.

Keywords

Type I diabetes mellitus --- Tooth eruption --- Oral health