The Miraculous Eloquence in Using Passive Voice in theGlorious Qur'an with Reference to English

Hasan Sha'ban Ali --- Mahmood Abbas Dawood

Journal of Surra Man Raa مجلة سر من رأى
ISSN: 18136798 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 11 Pages: 173-188
Publisher: university of samarra جامعة سامراء


There are innumerable aspects of the Qur’anic revelation. The revelation explicitly or implicitly brings out the miraculous character of the Qur’an.

This research discusses one of these miraculous aspects which is the structure of the passive verb in the glorious Quran. It has been presented in four sections, an introduction and a conclusion. The introduction summarizes the uses of passive voice in Arabic which have been divided into the following: summarization, knowing the subject, glorifying the subject, the humiliation of the subject when the subject is already unknown, and other purposes like parallel sentences. There is also a summary of passive in English and the purposes behind employing the passive voice. Various examples are given to illustrate these purposes.
The fourth sections discuss some rhetorical aspects of using passive in the glorious Qur'an as follows.
The first section negotiates how the passive verb plays a great role in describing both transcendental and unseen events to help the reader to get the deep sense of the context. The second section deals with passive verbs in the glorious Quran in terms of the meaning of generalization with special attention to the object. The third section discusses the passive verb in the context of denial and faith. The last section concentrates on the objectives of the structure of the passive verb in the glorious Quran which have the sense of glorifying the subject. At the end of this paper there are the major conclusions that the researcher arrive.
1. Introduction