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Arbitrariness As Seen By Arab and English Linguists

Jassim Mohammed Rayhan

journal of Human Sciences مجلة العلوم الانسانية
ISSN: 19922876/25239899 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 22 Pages: 303-310
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Abstract

language is both individual and social process .It is individual in the sense that it expresses one’s thoughts and feelings .It is also social since its use demands , in most cases, a speaker and a listener. A pre-requisite for communication is existence of common ground on which the users of the language should agree.At present, Linguists realize that what is true of one language is not necessarily true of another .Thus each language is studied according to its logic. In other words, languages follow no universal logic. Each language provides an intricate system of symbols that dissects nature in its own way. It is found that every nation has satisfied in using its language as far as it achieves the individuals needs. Though languages have been found to be basically arbitrary. They are not based on logic as in the case of mathematical concept. It is hard to explain why this object or concept is given a certain name. Also if there are certain justifiable natural forms in every language , they cannot be regarded more than exceptions. Therefore, arbitrariness is the dominant Property of language and these exceptions support and reinforce that domination.

Keywords

Linguists --- arbitrriness --- arab --- lnguage --- logic --- written language