American Political efforts for the Reconstruction of the Southern States after the Civil War 1865_1877


The term "Reconstruction" called on the Government's attempts after the Civil War Re-Southern states to the Union under the terms set by the President and Congress, and applies to "the era of Reconstruction," the last term following the surrender of the Southern forces in April 1865 until the withdrawal of federal troops from the South in April 1877, It is the period during which the Government has tried to reshape the Government and society in line with theories of governance, through the adoption of the constitutional amendments of laws aimed at ending slavery and confirm racial equality between blacks and whites in the Southern community, which the latest dispute between the Federal Government and former ruling class in the South before the end of the Civil War.