Table of content

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

مجلة التربية والعلم

ISSN: 1812125X
Publisher: Mosul University
Faculty: Education
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

Difining summary about the Journal Education and science magazine
The first volume of the magazine was published in 1979 including papers on both pure sciences and human sciences. Then in 1987 the magazine started to publish papers in two independent volumes: one for pure sciences and the other one was for human sciences. The magazine stoped being published from 1981 to 1987 because of the Iraqi-Irania war and also in 1992 due to the sanctions imposed on iraq. The magazine is well-known inside and outside iraq in that 30 scientific establishments were publishing their papers in it. Now adays,the magazine volumer are distributed limitedly on the university libraries because of fanancial reasons.
Yet the magazine sends from time to time letters to some governmental establishment urging them to buy the scientific and human volumes of the magazine.
Since 2010, the editor in chief started to offer some free copier of the scientific and human volumes to some scientific establishments in Iraqi universites and also outside Iraq and the magazine is ready to supply it to those concerned costing 30000 Iraqi dinars.

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Contact info

education_journal@yahoo.com

Table of content: 2019 volume:28 issue:2

Article
Synthesis of Some New Chalcone Compounds Derived From (Phenyl Quinoxaline Methyl Benzotriazol) of an Expected Biological Activity
تحضير عدد من مركبات الجالكون الجديدة المشتقة من الفنيل كوينوكزالين مثيل بنزوترايازول ذات الفعالية الحيوية المتوقعة

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Abstract

This study include the synthesis of the compound 2,3-Diphenyl quinoxaline from (the reaction of ortho Phenylenediamine with Benzil) and then connect this molecule with benzotriazole molecule, using the Methylene bridge through using formaldehyde in acidic medium to obtain the compound 6-[(1H-Benzotriazol-5-yl)methyl]-2,3-diphenylquinoxaline which having acidic hydrogen at the nitrogen atom which could be reacted with chloroacetone to form ketonic compound (2), that can be react with different aromatic aldehydes (4-nitrobenzaldehyde and 4-methoxy benzaldehyde) or 4-nitro acetophenone through aldol condensation to obtain an α,-unsaturated carbonyl compounds (single chalcones) (3-6), from which we could prepare a double chalcones (7-11), these compounds are used to prepare many heterocyclic compounds as derivatives, when reacted with hydrogen peroxide gave oxirane compounds (a ring with three atoms) (12-16), with bromine in the presence of a base, gives mono substituted bromine (17-21),with hydrazine hydrate and phenyl hydrazine gave the pyrazoline compounds and their substituted compounds (a ring with five atoms) (22-31) and finally with hydroxyl amine hydrochloride to give the isooxazoline compounds (32-36). The synthesized compounds were identified using physical and spectral methods (melting points, colour change, infrared spectra, ultraviolet spectra, nuclear magnetic resonance spectra), also bromine test were used to the detection of the double bond which present on the single and double chalcones.


Article
Isothermic Adsorption and Applications of Kinetics Models, Thermodynamics Functions ,Probability Sticking for Benzoic Acid and Some Substituted by Using Anew Adsorbent Substance

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Abstract

The research including used anew adsorbent substance collected from sandstorms which arrived to Mosul city to study adsorption of Benzoic acid and some substituted and application of kinetics Models (pseudo first and second order reaction ) Elovich model kinetics and determination of thermodynamic function for adsorption process as well as the probability sticking for acids molecules on surface (S*)and the appareant activation energy , the isothermic constants were determined for frendlich ,Langmir,Tempkin at different temperature and factors affecting on adsorption process ,the results gives indicates that the physical mechanism which predominate and some times physical and chemical the adsorption was increased and desorption decreased ,this process non spotonous and need lower energy to happened


Article
Modification of The Rheological Properties of Asphalt Using Spent Lubricating Oils and Air Oxidation

Authors: Alaa A. Hussein --- Ammar A. Hamdoon
Pages: 40-49
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Abstract

There is a growing need for the production of certain types of asphaltic materials having good rheological properties compared with the unmodified asphaltic materials, thus many experiments were performed to prepare a modified asphalt that can be used in different fields. This study aims to modify asphalt with the addition of (spent lubricating oils) with different percentages and with air blowing oxidation. From this work we obtained the asphaltic materials which can be used in paving and mastic production according to the measuring of the (ductility, penetration, asphaltene and softening point)


Article
Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Studys of Adsorption of Azo Dyes on The Local Bentonite Clay

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Abstract

This work is included the synthesizs of two azo dyes from the reaction of p-methoxy aniline and 2-amino benzo thiazol .via diazounium ions.A number of clays are tested as adsorbents for the removal of these dyes from their aqueous solution by adsorption . The most efficied one was selected to peforme this study . The prepared dyes are characterized by some of their physical propertier such as(max) , (max) melting point. Stretch bond of (N=N) group by(IR)spectrometry and colours. The optimal condition of the adsorption systems undre study such as effect of does ,initial concentration ,and temperature wear investigated . Two isotherm models,Langmuir and Freundlich were fitted to the experimental data of adsorption .the thermodynamic Function ( ∆H, ∆G°,∆S°) are estimated. The results of the thermodynamic study showed that ,the forces controlling the adsorption process of the systems under considerate are physical in nature . The adsorption process are exothermic , occur spontaneously in the direction of connecting the dye to the clay surface ,and forming less random system.


Article
Determination of Mesalazine Spectrophotometry Based on The Charge Transfer Complex n- π Using Reagent p-bromanil

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Abstract

Simple, sensitive and rapid spectrophotometric method for the determination of mesalazine in pure form and pharmaceutical preparations is described. The method is based on the reaction of mesalazine with p-bromanil in the presence of borate buffer solution of pH9 to form a pink color charge transfer complex of maximum absorption peak (λmax) at 346 nm. Under the optimized reaction conditions, Beer’s law correlating the absorbance with mesalazine concentration was obeyed in the range of 0.48-12 μg ml-1. The molar absorptivity was 6.5×103 L.mol−1cm−1. The limits of detection was 0.053μg ml-1. The accuracy and precision of the method were satisfactory; the average recovery was 98.04% and values of relative standard deviations better than 1.70 %. The stoichiometry of the reaction was studied, and the reaction mechanism was postulated. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of mesalazine in its pharmaceutical tablet and capsule with good accuracy and precisions. The results obtained by the proposed method were compared with those obtained by the official method


Article
Mechanism, Kinetic And Thermodynamic For Transport Of Citric Acid Ions To Removal By Adsorption Using Electrical Conductivity, Potential Difference And Acidity Function

Authors: Dr.Khaleel-Ibraheem-AL-Niemi
Pages: 85-102
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Abstract

In this research used the electrical conductivity, potential difference, acidity function and the probability Sticking on surface were used to detected the mechanism of Ions transportation of citric acids by adsorption from the solution to the surface of solid particles using anew adsorpent clay. The kinetics model (pseudo first and second order, Eleovich kinetic and Intraparticle diffusion) applied on the experimental results of adsorption as well as Freundlich and Tempkin isotherms, this study arrived to that the a high transportation of acid ions to the surface to form a surface complexation model with solid particles happened at low concentrations and temperatures, the result of adsorption obeyed the pseudo first order kinetic, and the Intraparticle diffusion occurred was a controlled process , the constants KF, KT for isotherms used to calculated the thermodynamic functions ΔG,ΔH,ΔS for adsorption process.


Article
Study in The Inhibitory Effect of Disinfectants and Antiseptic Traded From Local Market in Nineveh The Province of on Some Pathogenic Bacteria

Authors: Bushra D. Hamad
Pages: 103-112
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Abstract

This study deals with the comparison of the effect of some disinfectants used in Hospitals from local market of Nineveh province from different origins, on some Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria isolated from burns and wounds. These disinfectants includes : Dettol (septol) ,Hepatine , Povidine-iodine , Hand sterilizer all of them from local , Arabic and international origins. Results showed a clear resistance of the studied bacteria , and differences in bacterial sensitivity toward disinfectants depends on its origins and bacterial species .It was clear that the disinfectant (hepatine) was the best disinfectant in inhibiting growth , the danish origin was the best of them then Jordanian origin, the second disinfectant (dettol) of which the Jordanian origin was also the best, then (povidine-iodine) of which the Emirates origin was the best and then (hand sterilizer gel) of France origin was best.

Keywords

Antiseptic --- Disinfectants --- Hepatine


Article
Effect of Ascorbic acid on the sensitivity of Salmonella typhi to antibiotics

Authors: Muhsin A. Essa --- Bushra D. Hamad --- Dhuha J. Mohamed
Pages: 113-121
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Abstract

This study included the investigation of the effect of Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) and incubation at temperature of 44 C° on the sensitivity of Salmonella typhi to some antibiotics to which resistant it was Resistant Results showed that Ascorbic acid had a curing impact in removal of resistance character against many antibiotics (Amikacin Erythromycin ,Tobramycin, Penicillin ). Concentration of Ascorbic acid had a role in its effectiveness and the concentration (1.5) mM was the best in all curing results. The study also demonstrated that the temperature 44c° had a curing effect on the resistance of bacteria under to most studied antibiotics except erythromycin according to this results and because Ascorbic acid is not toxic, it be used with antibiotics against infection with Salmonella typhi .

Keywords

S.typhi --- Ascorbic acid --- Vitamin C


Article
Effect of Sex and Age of Human on Infection With Types of Stones and Its Concomitant Bacteria

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Abstract

The current study involved isolation and identification of bacteria from (50) urine samples of patients suffering from renal stones and urinary tract infections (UTIs) Sixteen bacterial isolates were obtained from urine samples (32%), Proteus mirabilis and Escherichia coli being the most frequent among isolates, forming 37.5% (6 isolates) and 31.5% (5 isolates) respectively while Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates 12.5% (2 isolates) then Enterobacter aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus were isolated at a rate of (6.25%). The study showed that 32 (64%) of urine samples were from patients having calcium stone, 10 (20%) with uric acid stone and 8 (16%) with struvite stone but cystine stones were not identified. Furthermore, this study showed that there is a relationship between type of stones and the type of bacterial isolate . The effects of some factors such as sex and age on the rate of infection with different stone types were investigated ,the results revealed that among (32) calcium stones, 71.9% were males and 28.1% were females. From (8) struvite stones, males represent 37.5% while females were 62.5%, for uric acid stone 60% were males and 40% were female. The incidence of renal stone seem to be the highest in the age group(30_53) years comprising 48% of the total patients followed by the age group (54_77) years 32% and the least incidence was in the age group (6_29) years 20% .


Article
Design of ZnO Nanowire Laser Single Mode and Study Its Properties

Authors: Ahmed A. Ahmed --- Rafid A. Abdulla
Pages: 133-149
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Abstract

Designing of single-mode ZnO nanowire laser has been achieved. Studying its properties has also been considered. Analysis of single-mode rate equations indicates that the laser has threshold current of 53 mA, the output power of 30 mW at bias current of 70 mA and the slope efficiency around 1.77 mW/mA for the output power from both mirrors. The critical diameter for nanowire has been calculated and it is found to be 128 nm. The number of nanowire rods through designed area of dimensions (21µm×21µm) has also been calculated. The cavity of nanowire laser is (F-P). The results are compared with some experimental work of ZnO nanowire lasers and good agreement is found.


Article
Anotomical and Histological Comparative Study of The Proventriculus and Histochmisitry of Mucins in Two Species of Birds Which Differ in Nutrient Nature

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Abstract

The present study aimed to identify the anatomical and histological aspects as well as the histochemistery of mucin of glandular stomach of two birds which differ in their feeding habit. These birds are Sturnus vulgaris and Taenipygia guttat using light microscope and histochemical techniques. The anatomical results showed that the glandular stomach in Taenipygia guttat was conical or elongated while it was conical shape in the Sturnus vulgaris. Histologically, the result showed that the wall of the glandular stomach in both birds composed of four layers that comprise the rest of the digestive canal, The mucous layer of the glandular stomach in the two birds consist of folds extending into the glandular stomach cavity which known as mucus folds which is lined by simple epithelial columnar tissue, below it lies the lamina properia which contains superficial glands. While Submucosa is fully occupied with deep gastric glands. Muscularis consist of two layers, The internal circular shape and external longitudinal shape, as well as the serosa covered by mesothelim. Histochemically, the epithelial tissue showed moderate positive response for PAS reaction in both birds indicating the presence of moderate quantities of positive mucus materials for PAS reaction For TB technique epithelial tissue showed a positive response in T. guttat indicating that there is relatively large amounts of acidic mucopolysaccharides in both birds ,while the epithelial tissue in T. guttat. and S. vulgaris showed positive response for AB PH1, AB ph2.5. techniques respectively. AS for AB-PAS epithelial tissue in both birds showed a positive response indicating the presence of neutral and acidic mucins. Superficial gastric glands in both birds showed positive response for all techniques used, as well as the deep gastric glands which showed positive response in T. guttat and S. vulgaris for PAS techniques, while the AB PH2.5 and TB technique showed similar responses in both birds. AS for AB-PAS technique, positive responses as were shown in both birds, indicating large quantities of mucin in the secretions of these glands.

Keywords

birds --- glandular stomach --- Mucus


Article
Detcetion Of Bacterial Contamination Of Drinking Water In The Right Side Of Mosul City By Multiple Tubes Fermentation Technique

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate bacterial contamination of drinking water in the right side of Mosul city using multiple tubes fermentation technique, depending on total coliform count as an indicator, this study takes seven months started from December, 2017 to June, 2018. Three hundered fifteen smples were collected from water purification plants and 12 quarters in the right side of Mosul city include (Msherfa, 17-Tamoz, Al-refaee, Tal- alromman, Al-moa'alemen, Al-shohada'a, Nabls, Al-resala, Al-a'amel, Al-tayaran, Wadi hajar and Al-mansour). The results showed contaminate of water in purification plants during April and May only while the contamination wase in all study months of the water reaching consumers with a rate reaching 40.5% of total samples and the highest was in Al-refaee quarter (71.4%) whereas the lowest reached 14.3% in Nabls quarter, the results also showed variations in the contamination during the study monthes, it's highest in May as it reached 83.3% whereas the lowest was in January as it reached 16.7%. The results of chlorine concentration test showed that the residual chlorine was less than the accepted levels in some quarters formed a ratio reached 32.1%, while it was higher than the accepted level at a ratio of 2.4%, whereas the residual chlorine in 65.5% from total samples was within the accepted level. In this study we isolate and identificate some of the contaminating bacteria such as Escherichia coli , Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes , Proteus mirabilis, Citrobacter freundii and Salmonella typhi , Escherichia coli forming the higher rate 40.8% whereas the lower was Citrobacter freundii 4.1% . Pseudomonas aeruginosa was also isolated in this study at 14.3% of the total isolated bacteria.


Article
Insecticidal activity of aqueous extracts of some medicinal plants on stages of south beetle beans Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)

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Abstract

The current study examines the effect of six concentrations of aqueous extracts which are 2.5, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25% of four medicinal plants on the biological aspects of south beetle beans Callosobruchus maculatus. These plants belong to the family Umbellifera, they are: Coriandor Coriandrum sativum, Cumin Cuminum cyminum, Fennel Foericulum vulgare and Anise Pimpinella anisum. The activity test of these plants was done by soaking chickpeas seeds (the food of the insect) in the previous extracts. The aqueous extracts of Coriandor, Fennel and Anise cause 100% killing of the larval and pupal stages at 25% concentration. The treatment had a significant effect on some of the biological aspects of the first generation pregnancy, since the female productivity decreased to 20.53% at the concentration 25%. Also egg retention occurred in anise treatment. While the productivity of control treatment was 79.26%, also eggs retention was occurred in the female of the southern cowpea beetle which reached 41.70% in Anise treatment at the concentration 2.5%. The study proved that the almost of the above treatments affected the eggs viability of the first generation females.

Keywords

Cowpea --- coriandor --- cumin --- fennel --- anise --- south beetle beans


Article
The Use of Original and Hybrid Flower Pollination Algorithm In Estimating The Parameters of Software Reliability Growth Models

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Abstract

In order to assess software reliability, many software reliability growth models (SRGMs) have been used for estimation of reliability growth. . In this work, the parameters of (SRGMs) were estimated by using Flower Pollination Algorithm (FPA). Then, the (FPA) was hybrid with Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RGA) to obtain Hybrid FPA (HFPA). The results that obtained from (FPA) are compared to the results of five algorithms: Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Artificial Bee Colony (ABC), the Dichotomous Artificial Bee Colony (DABC), Classic Genetic Algorithm (CGA) and the Modified Genetic Algorithm (MGA). The results showed that (FPA) outperformed the rest of the algorithms in parameters estimating accuracy and performance using identical datasets. Sometimes, the (DABC) showed better performance than (FPA). Other comparisons were made between (FPA) and (HFPA) and the results show that the hybrid algorithm outperformed the original one.


Article
Derivative UV-Spectroscopic Studies of some Schiff Bases in Absolute Ethanol
دراسة مشتقة طيف الاشعة فوق البنفسجية لعدد من قواعد شيف في الايثانول المطلق

Authors: Amel G. Abed أمل غازي عبد
Pages: 219-232
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Abstract

According to the biological and industrail importance of Schiff bases compounds , a new simple and accurate UV spectrophotometric method was established for the studied and determination of the Schiff bases compounds formed from the reaction between aromatic aldehydes compounds and P-toluenesulphonamide , depending on the zero and fourth derivative mode techniques . The zeroth and fourth order derivative spectra of the Schiff bases : [benzylidine (compound I) , 3, 4 – dimethoxybenzylidine (compound II) and 2 ,6 – dichorobenzylidine (compound III)] p-toluenesulphonamid , were recorded in absolute ethanol for series of different concentration solutions . The calibration curves were ploted which result in astraight lines obeying Beers – Lambert law with R2 values and R.S.D for compound I . II and III . These values indicate that these techniques having good sensitivity and precision for the quantification of these Schiff bases


Article
Preparation and Characterization of Co(II), Ni(II),Cu(II) and Zn(II) Complexes with Unsymmetrical Tetradentate Schiff Bases Ligands

Authors: K.Sh.AL-nama --- E.M.AL Nidaa
Pages: 233-248
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Complexes of Co(II), Ni(II),Cu(II) and Zn(II) with unsymmetrical tetradentate schiff bases ligands H2L1 =2-(1Z)- (8-(2-hydroxy benzylidene amino)naphthalen-1-ylimino) methyl) -6- methoxy phenol, H2L2 =2-((E) -1-(8-(Z)-2- hydroxyl benzylidene amino) naphthalen -1- ylimino) ethyl) phenol and H2L3 = 1-((8-((Z) -2-hydroxy benzylidene amino) naphthalen -1- ylimino) methyl) naphthalene-2-ol, have been prepared in (1:1) (L: M) molar ratio and characterized by elemental analysis, molar conductance, spectral method (I.R, electronic, 1H-NMR), magnetic measurements and metal content analysis. The spectral data suggest that the ligands behave as a dibasic tetradentate ligands with ONNO donor, and coordinate with the metal ion to form mononuclear complexes via the oxygen and nitrogen atoms of the phenolic group and azomethine group respectively. Conductivity data in DMF solution showed that all complexes are non-electrolyte. Magnetic moment and electronic spectra data suggested square planar geometry for all complexes .


Article
The Collective Properties of Even-Even (_^(164-174))W Isotopes

Authors: Muyasser Fatehi Fadil --- Imad Mamdouh Ahmed
Pages: 249-258
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Abstract

Ground states bands (GSB) and negative parity band (NPB) of (_ ^(164-174))W isotopes have been calculated. Bohr-Mottelson (BM), Interacting boson approximation-1(IBM-1) and Interacting vector boson model (IVBM) were used for this purpose. The principal excited state ( ) and the proportion of the second to the primary excited state (R_(4⁄2)=(〖E4〗_1^+)⁄(〖E2〗_1^+ )) provide primary information about the properties of the nucleus. The ratio of the gamma energy, over spin E_γ⁄J of each state as a function of the angular momentum (J) (E-GOS), has been assessed to decide the ground states property of each nucleus. The ratio of energies of (J+2) and (J), states as a function of the angular momentum (J), have been attracted to decide numerically the properties of the ground states band of all states and all nuclei. The ΔJ=1 staggering between octupole band and ground state band is found to display a beat pattern as a function of angular momentum (J). The methods which were used, showed the transitional U(5)-O(6) properties of (_^(164-166))W, the general properties that U(5)-O(6)-SU(3) of (_^168)W, and the transitional properties O(6)-SU(3) of (_^(170-172))W; while (_^174)W showed the SU(3) properties.


Article
Contrast Enhancement in Gray Level Images

Authors: Duha Amir Sultan --- Alhan Anwar Yonis
Pages: 259-281
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Abstract

Contrast enhancement is a very important step in image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision .Histogram Equalization (HE) is widely used for contrast Enhancement . This paper discussed five techniques of contrast enhancement, i.e. Histogram Equalization (HE), Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE), Brightness preserving Bi_Histogram Equalization (BBHE), Dualistic Sub_Image Histogram Equalization (DSIHE) and Recursive Sub_Image Histogram equalization (RSIHE). Also it presented the comparison among the various techniques that show the image enhances the overall contrast and visibility of local details, by using two measures: Peak-Signal-to-Noise-Ratio (PSNR) and Absolute Mean Brightness Error (AMBE) to check the signal and brightness power respectively. This work is programmed by MATLAB VER.7.8.


Article
On i-Continuous Functions

Authors: Sabih W. Askandar
Pages: 282-288
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In this paper we prove that the function is i-open if it is injective, surjective and i-continuous from i-compact topological space into -space . Further, we define and find the relationship among some i-separation axioms such as , and .


Article
Spectrophotometric Determination of Ibuprofen and Nystatin Via Ion Pair Complex Formation Using Chromotrope 2R

Authors: Intisar A. Shihab --- Theia'a N. Al-Sabha
Pages: 289-299
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This research paper tackles a developed method for Ibuprofen and Nystatin drugs determination both in their pure form and pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is based on the formation of binary complexes (ion association complexes) between the above drugs and Chromotrope 2R (C2R) in acidic medium forming a reddish orange colours .The complexes show maximum absorption at 562 nm and 566 nm for Ibuprofen and Nystatin respectively. The method was adhering to the Beer's law over concentration range 10-90 and 2-40 µg/ml with molar absorptivity values 1.36×103 and 7.59×103 l. mol-1. cm-1and average recovery 99.77% and 100.60 % for the above mentioned drugs respectively. No observed interferences appeared from the excipients commonly existed in pharmaceuticals. Successfully, application for both Ibuprofen and Nystatin was conducted in their pharmaceutical formulations.


Article
Compare Between Genetic Algorithm and Clonal Selection Algorithm To Pattern Recognition Latin's Numbers

Authors: Maha Abd_alelah Mohammed
Pages: 300-315
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This work involves the use some of Artificial intelligence techniques algorithms which are genetic algorithm and artificial immune system algorithm- clonal selection algorithm. A comparison was done between the original mode of the Latin number and the distorted modes applied for the same number and with the use of above algorithms. Mode results obtained from implementing both algorithms showed that the artificial immune system algorithm(Clonal selection algorithm) was good and 85% in getting closer modes to that of the applied Latin number original mode. Both above algorithms are based on optimization principle in getting the results.

Table of content: volume:28 issue:2