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Basrah Journal for Engineering Science

مجلة البصرة للعلوم الهندسية

ISSN: Print: 18146120; Online: 23118385
Publisher: Basrah University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Basrah Journal for Engineering Science (BJES) is an open access, peer-reviewed bi-annually journal (two issues per year) that aims at the publication of original research papers on the latest developments and techniques in the variety fields of Engineering science and their applications to the real world. The BJES is the Official journal of the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research issued by the College of Engineering, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq. The Submitted papers should be written in English, and all submissions should be made through the on line EDAS system. Papers may be theoretical (including computational), experimental or both. The contribution should be unpublished before and not consideration for publication elsewhere. BJES maintains a standard double-blind peer review process, which means that the identities of the authors and the reviewers are not known to each other. BJES is an Open Access Journal, which supports the rights of users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles provided they are properly acknowledged by cited.

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Contact info

Address: Engineering College , University of Basrah ,Basrah, Iraq
P.O.Box: 801
Fax: 0188696
E-mail: bjes_editor@yahoo.com
Mobile No.: 07801419901

Table of content: 2019 volume:19 issue:1

Article
Thermo-economic Impact from Using Exhaust Gases Heat Lost for Power Generation

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Abstract

The heat lost from gas turbine power plants with exhaust gases represents the most important source for lowering its thermal efficiency. Also, the gas turbine thermal efficiency affected significantly with the ambient surrounding temperature. Al-Najybia gas-turbine power plant in Basrah, Iraq is choosing as a case study. The power plant consists of four units with a capacity of 125 MW for each unit. In the present study, all the calculations are performed for one unit only. Firstly the thermal impact is studied in terms of energy analysis for Al-Najybia gas turbine power plant (GTPP) for different ambient temperature for twelve months. Also, the economic loss a companied the heat lost with exhaust gases for different ambient temperature are estimated. Secondly, the thermo-economic improvement from coupling the GTPP with a heat recovery system is studied. For gas-steam combined cycle, the performance and economic analysis are performed. The results show that, the output power and thermal efficiency are decreased by 0.97 MW and 0.0726% respectively for each unit temperature rise of the ambient temperature. For the combined gas-steam power plant the percentage increasing of the thermal efficiency is approximately 46.4%. The results indicate the combined cycle power plant (CCPP) is very important to increase electrical capacity. From the economic analysis, the economic gain due


Article
Hydrodynamics Behaviour of Single and Multi Fracture with Different Orientations in Petroleum Reservoir

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Abstract

The studying of fluid flow throughout fracture in the reservoir is one of the most vital subjects attracted much attention from engineers and geologists. In the present paper, the Dual Porosity-Dual Permeability (DPDP) model has been applied to represent the fluid flow within the fractured reservoirs. This work aimed to demonstrate the utility of the fractures in the petroleum reservoir and how could be used the positive effect of these fractures on the productivity as well. The productivity of single-phase fluid flow within the single horizontal fracture, multi horizontal fractures, and inclined fracture with different orientations (20o, 30o, 45o, and 70o) have been implemented by using ANSYS-CFX program and compared with the productivity of conventional (without fractures) reservoirs. In addition to, visualize the velocity streamlines within fracture and matrix zones for the DPDP model. To verify this work the comparison has been made with published paper, which studies the fluid flow through fractures, and a good agreement has been obtained with each other. The study indicates that the presence of macro scale fractures in petroleum reservoirs contributes to increasing the total productivity of these reservoirs. Clearly, the productivity index of multi-horizontal fractures domain is more than twice of nonfractured domain. It is also clear that, when comparing the fractured and nonfractured reservoir, the improvement percentage of the productivity index reaches to (71.8) for a single horizontal fracture with 9 ft length. While this percentage would be about (116.88) if the fracture is inclined with 20o.


Article
Improvement of Electric Power Generation at Khor Al-Zubair Gas Turbine Power Plant by Using Vapor Compression Cooling Cycle

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Abstract

In this work, both energy and exergy analyses have been carried out on General Electric (GE) gas turbine unit found in Khor Al-Zubair gas turbine power plant located in Basra, Iraq. The analysis covers the ISO (international standards organization) operating conditions in addition to actual operating data recorded for one month in hot season July 2016. The feasibility of adopting a vapor compression cycle (VCC) for cooling the intake air is evaluated. Generally, the study reveals an obvious drop off for most plant performance characteristics while operating during the hot season. Energy and exergy analyses show that adopting the vapor compression cycle to enhance Khor Al-Zubair GE unit could improve the power output by 20% and 27% in case of part-load and full-load conditions respectively. Both of first and second law efficiencies could be improved by 3.5% at part-load and 9% at full load. The expected cooling load needed for the unit is in the range of 2697 to 3024.5 TR according to part-load and full-load operation respectively. Only total irreversibility of the unit is expected to increase in case of adopting VCC and this will not impair the improvement in second law efficiency of the unit. Among the unit components, combustion chamber has the largest computed irreversibility. Further improvement is recommended by utilizing the released heat energy to the atmosphere, which is characterized by significant work potential.


Article
Effecting Shear Span Ratio on High Strength Fiber Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams with Circle Openings

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Abstract

Through this paper the effecting a/d on high strength fiber reinforced concrete deep beams with circle openings without stirrups have been studied to report behavior of deep beam by chang shear span ratio a/d for high strength deep beam with circle opening (12.6 cm) diameter at the center of shear span in term of crack pattern and load-deflection curve and stress-strain curve, this paper aim to investigate which specimen has better a/d, this study done by tested four specimens; first specimen is control deep beam without opening and steel fiber while the other are with steel fiber ratio (1%) and circle opening has diameter (12.6 cm) at the center of shear span and reinforced by (2Ø12mm) at the top and (3Ø16mm) at the bottom and two stirrups at the supports to prevent local failure, specimens with circle opening have various a/d (0.75,1,1.5) and total lengths (1025,1200,1550)mm, all specimens are simply supported with two points applied load, finally, the results present the perfect shear span ratio (a/d) with steel fiber (1%) is (0.75), The strength of specimens with circle opening decrease with increase shear span ratio (a/d) where strength rising into (5.48 %) at (a/d = 0.75) over than strength at (a/d = 1). I. INTRODUCTION

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Article
Baffles Shape and Configuration Effect on Performance of Baffled Flocculator

Authors: Kifah M. Khudhair --- Kifah M. Khudhair
Pages: 35-51
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Abstract

Flocculation process is used to agglomerate colloids to form large and heavy flocs. It is accomplished using mechanical or hydraulic slow mixing. The hydraulic mixing is usually achieved using baffles. The aim of this study is to conduct experimental work to study the effect of baffles shape and configuration on baffled flocculator performance. The work includes 304 experiments conducted in a pilot plant of baffled flocculator. Two arrangements of three baffle shapes (blind baffles, baffles of rectangular slot and baffles of circular slots) were adopted. During each experiment, water turbidity and temperature, influent flow rate and head loss were measured. The main outcomes of this study are; (1) for all baffle types and arrangements, flocculation efficiency (FE) increases with the increase of velocity gradient (G) till it reaches a maximum value, then, it decreases and the G value which produces the maximum FE varies with detention time (t), (2) within the applied range of Gt values (10231-25304), the correlation between FE and Gt is weak to moderate positive and varied according to baffles type and arrangement, (3) within the applied range of initial water turbidity (IWT) values (18.1-196) NTU, the correlation between FE and IWT is weak positive to good positive represented by logarithmic relationship, and (4) within the implemented baffle types, the blind baffles type gives the highest FE values for all the baffles number as compared with the other baffle types. Also, the most frequent head loss coefficient values were obtained.


Article
Experimental Study and Artificial Neural Networks Prediction of Effective Parameters in Continuous Dieless Wire Drawing

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Abstract

The dieless drawing process is an innovative method emanated and appeared in coincidence with development of the concept of metal superplasticity. It is utilized from the local heating of a wire or tube to a specified temperature and followed by a local cooling, so an additional deformation is inhibited. In this study, a special dieless drawing machine was designed to carry out an experimental program on SUS304-stainless steel wire having diameter of (1.6-2) mm to investigate the main process parameters such as speeds, heat quantity, heating coil width and heating-cooling separation distance. Also, a numerical model based on thermo-mechanical analysis was developed and validated with experimental program. Furthermore, an artificial neural network ANN model based on current experimental data was prepared to predict the dieless drawing behavior. A maximum area reduction of 40.7% was obtained in single pass. A 3.12mm/s feeding velocity and 4.97mm/s drawing velocity were realized through the experimental tests. The results showed that both drawing force and wire profile were effected by increasing of feeding speed, heating coil width and separation distance. Also, it is confirmed that strain rate was reduced by increasing the heating coil width and the reduction ratio was promoted. A maximum error of 21% was recorded between ANN model and experimental results. The results showed a good agreement among experimental, numerical and ANN models.

Table of content: volume:19 issue:1