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المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية

ISSN: 18122388
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التمريض
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تهتم بالبحوث التمريضية

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معلومات الاتصال

wadad_2005m@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2010 المجلد: العدد: 2

Article
Effect of Addition Retention Bead and Repair Material on Transverse Strength of Repaired Acrylic Denture Resin

المؤلفون: Alaa E. A. Majeed
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objective: One of the most important practical deficiencies of present denture base materials is fracture, therefore many attempts have been made to reinforce of the repaired denture base resin. A desirable objective for this service is to obtain optimum strength for repairs, which can be achieved by making available a good bond between original and repaired materials.

Methodology: The present study was carried out to evaluate and compare the transverse strength of acrylic specimens repaired by two different materials (hot-cure and cold-cure acrylic resin). A total of 50 specimens were prepared by hot (40) repair: (10) by hot with retention bead, (10) by cold with retention bead and (10) repair by hot only, (10) repair by cold only, and (10) un repair control made from hot cure acrylic resin. Transverse strength was measured for each specimen using three points bending on a brinell transverse testing machine.

Results: The result showed that the repair with heat-cure acrylic resin with retention bead has a significant higher than the repair with cold-cure acrylic resin with retention bead and higher than control specimen (unrepaired).

Recommendations: It can be concluded that the hot acrylic resin with retention bead are an important parameter in the reinforcement of repaired acrylic denture base resin.

Keywords: Auto-polymerizing Resin; Transverse Strength; Repair; Retention Bead

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effectiveness of Instruction-oriented Intervention for Primipara Women upon Episiotomy and Self-perineal Care at Ibn Al-Baladi Hospital

المؤلفون: Rabea M. Ali --- Sajidah S. Oleiwi
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objective: To identify the effectiveness of instruction oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self perineal care.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of instruction-oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self-perineal care. A purposive "non-probability" sample of (60) primipara mothers was selected from Ibn AL-Balady Pediatric and Maternity Hospital, Al-russafa, Baghdad. The sample has been divided into two groups; (30) primipara women who were considered as a study group, and another (30) primipara women who were considered as a control one. The study group was exposed to an instruction-oriented intervention. While, the control group was not exposed to the intervention. A questionnaire was developed as a tool of data collection for the purpose of the study. A pilot study was carried out to test the reliability of the questionnaire for the period from March 13th to March 25th, 2009. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach.

Results: The results have revealed that the study group participants had benefit from the implementation of instructional intervention and dramatic change had occurred in their episiotomy and self-perineal care knowledge. The study concluded that the majority of mothers had adequately met their needs of perineal care, cleanliness of the perineum, using ice pack, taking a soothing bath tube, dry heat, refrain from the marital relationship (coitus), mothers nutrition to prevent constipation, used bath room, pelvic muscle exercise, follow-up were adequately met.

Recommendations: The study recommended that the oriented instructional intervention can be presented to all pregnant mothers who are attending the primary health care centers. Moreover, an instructional intervention might be useful if it is constructed and implemented in the hospital for women with episiotomy.

Keywords: Primpara, Episiotomy, Self-perineal Care

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation of Aqueous and Ethanolic Extraction for Coriander Seeds, Leaves and Stems and Studying their Antibacterial Activity

المؤلفون: Yasmine H. Ali --- Intisar M. Oudah
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate two kinds of extraction (aqueous and ethanolic) for coriander using seeds, leaves and stems and studying their antibacterial activity against nine different microorganisms.

Methodology: Coriander was selected to carry out this study. Seeds, leaves and stems were collected from local markets in Baghdad then dried in shade for at least 10 days and grinded to fine powder. Aqueous hot extracts for 1hr. at (50c) and cold extracts for 24 hrs at (4c) were performed by using seeds, leaves and stems then studied antibacterial effect against nine different microorganisms by using well diffusion technique. Cold aqueous extracts of coriander seeds for 48 hrs. and 72 hrs and ethanolic extraction for 48hrs of seed, leaves and stems also performed.

Results: This study showed that hot aqueous extracts for 1hr. to all parts of coriander indicated no antibacterial activity, while cold aqueous extract for 24hrs of coriander seeds had inhibitory effect for some tested bacteria, but leaves and stems had not. Cold aqueous extract of seeds for 48hrs showed antibacterial activity for all tested bacteria but in 72hrs there was no inhibitory effect. On the other hand, ethanolic extracts of seeds, leaves and stems for 48hrs had antibacterial activity and the highest values for inhibition zone shown in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis.

Recommendations: The study recommends using coriander seeds extract as alternative medical therapy for microorganisms which may resist conventional treatment. This study is a first step for further studies. It is necessary to use various extraction methods to give active materials with high percentage, although different organic solvents to be used with coriander plant to obtain extracts used for testing different kinds of microorganisms which have highly resistance to conventional treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation and Comparisonof Complete Dentures’ Complaints: Post-insertion

المؤلفون: Areej S. Ahmad
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract

Aims:This study aims to compare patients’complaints and problems of wearing completedentures.

Methodology: The sample included 40 Iraqi patients who are wearing complete dentures from about five years ago. They were selected randomly witha age range between(55–65) years.The questions asked to the patients were listed according to the recent classification of post-insertion problems.

Result:The results showed that the percentage of patient's complaint from adaptation problems(62.1%) was higher than looseness problems(61.3%) and discomfort problems(39.3%) as followed.

Recommendation:Dentists need thorough knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathology and psychology. The assessing of the psyche and emotions of patients is extremely complex long period study at the same patient will give the more about this subject.

Keywords:Evaluation, Comparison, Post-insertion Complaints, Complete Denture

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Physiotherapy on the Motor Recovery and Improvement in Patients with Facial Palsy

المؤلفون: Baida A. Bader
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract:
Objectives: The study aims to investigate the efficiency of physiotherapy methods to improve the degree of the clinical recovery of the peripheral facial palsy.

Methodology: This study is carried out at the Rehabilitation Center-Baghdad from November 2009 till March 2010. This study includes (40) patient, their ages are from (13) to (55) years old; (24) male and (16) female with unilateral facial palsy of undetermined cause. House-Brackmann facial recovery scores have been used before and after the physiotherapy treatment.

Results: The results show that the physiotherapy sessions obtained the best effect of the electrical stimulation, exercises and massage in the treatment of facial palsy. Highly respondents in females compared to males in the total improvement, highly respondents in partial recovery compared to total recovery.

Recommendations: The study recommends that the physiotherapists and patients should use the physiotherapy sessions with follow-up that include stimulation, massage and exercises and complete all sessions of treatment.

Keywords: Facial Palsy; Physiotherapy; Electrical Stimulation

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Paramedical Specialty Students'Knowledgeabout Swine Flu Pandemic

المؤلفون: Maral F.Thabit
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objectives: This study aims to assess the knowledge, regarding Swine Flu pandemic among a sample of paramedical specialty students of Medical Technology Institute (Baghdad).

Methodology: The study sample included(110) male and female students, randomly selected, and data was collected by previously prepared questionnaire including different questions covering different clinic-epidemiological aspects of the disease and followed by statistical analysis using simple binomial tests and average percentage of correct answers.

Results: The higher percentage of correct responses regarding causative virus 83%, it is respiratory disease 83%, transmission among people through the droplets 83%, and by touching contaminated surfaces 80%, the new virus causes more vomiting and diarrhea 68%, immune-suppressed people are more vulnerable to death 76%, economic hazards to tourism and farmers dealing with pigs 80%, prevention by using disposable tissues covering nose during coughing or sneezing. The results also show that the higher percentages of wrong responses regarding the possibility of catching the swine both human and bird flu 21%, law mortality among infected pigs 42%, it is not a new disease 46%, direct transmission from human to pigs 44%, no transmission by eating properly cooked pork products 38%, the virus is not responding to antiviral medicines 46%, there are multiple vaccines given to pigs and not for humans 44%, and average % of correct answers was 60%.

Recommendations:The study recommends that additional educational courses and training should be presented for all students with all available methods in Swine Flu handling.

Keywords: Paramedical Specialties Students' Knowledge; Swine Flu Pandemic

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation and Comparisonof Complete Dentures’ Complaints: Post-insertion

المؤلفون: Areej S. Ahmad
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract

Aims:This study aims to compare patients’complaints and problems of wearing completedentures.

Methodology: The sample included 40 Iraqi patients who are wearing complete dentures from about five years ago. They were selected randomly witha age range between(55–65) years.The questions asked to the patients were listed according to the recent classification of post-insertion problems.

Result:The results showed that the percentage of patient's complaint from adaptation problems(62.1%) was higher than looseness problems(61.3%) and discomfort problems(39.3%) as followed.

Recommendation:Dentists need thorough knowledge of anatomy, physiology, pathology and psychology. The assessing of the psyche and emotions of patients is extremely complex long period study at the same patient will give the more about this subject.

Keywords:Evaluation, Comparison, Post-insertion Complaints, Complete Denture

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Paramedical Specialty Students'Knowledgeabout Swine Flu Pandemic

المؤلفون: Maral F.Thabit
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objectives: This study aims to assess the knowledge, regarding Swine Flu pandemic among a sample of paramedical specialty students of Medical Technology Institute (Baghdad).

Methodology: The study sample included(110) male and female students, randomly selected, and data was collected by previously prepared questionnaire including different questions covering different clinic-epidemiological aspects of the disease and followed by statistical analysis using simple binomial tests and average percentage of correct answers.

Results: The higher percentage of correct responses regarding causative virus 83%, it is respiratory disease 83%, transmission among people through the droplets 83%, and by touching contaminated surfaces 80%, the new virus causes more vomiting and diarrhea 68%, immune-suppressed people are more vulnerable to death 76%, economic hazards to tourism and farmers dealing with pigs 80%, prevention by using disposable tissues covering nose during coughing or sneezing. The results also show that the higher percentages of wrong responses regarding the possibility of catching the swine both human and bird flu 21%, law mortality among infected pigs 42%, it is not a new disease 46%, direct transmission from human to pigs 44%, no transmission by eating properly cooked pork products 38%, the virus is not responding to antiviral medicines 46%, there are multiple vaccines given to pigs and not for humans 44%, and average % of correct answers was 60%.

Recommendations:The study recommends that additional educational courses and training should be presented for all students with all available methods in Swine Flu handling.

Keywords: Paramedical Specialties Students' Knowledge; Swine Flu Pandemic

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effectiveness of Instruction-oriented Intervention for Primipara Women upon Episiotomy and Self-perineal Care at Ibn Al-Baladi Hospital

المؤلفون: Rabea M. Ali --- Sajidah S. Oleiwi
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objective: To identify the effectiveness of instruction oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self perineal care.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of instruction-oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self-perineal care. A purposive "non-probability" sample of (60) primipara mothers was selected from Ibn AL-Balady Pediatric and Maternity Hospital, Al-russafa, Baghdad. The sample has been divided into two groups; (30) primipara women who were considered as a study group, and another (30) primipara women who were considered as a control one. The study group was exposed to an instruction-oriented intervention. While, the control group was not exposed to the intervention. A questionnaire was developed as a tool of data collection for the purpose of the study. A pilot study was carried out to test the reliability of the questionnaire for the period from March 13th to March 25th, 2009. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach.

Results: The results have revealed that the study group participants had benefit from the implementation of instructional intervention and dramatic change had occurred in their episiotomy and self-perineal care knowledge. The study concluded that the majority of mothers had adequately met their needs of perineal care, cleanliness of the perineum, using ice pack, taking a soothing bath tube, dry heat, refrain from the marital relationship (coitus), mothers nutrition to prevent constipation, used bath room, pelvic muscle exercise, follow-up were adequately met.

Recommendations: The study recommended that the oriented instructional intervention can be presented to all pregnant mothers who are attending the primary health care centers. Moreover, an instructional intervention might be useful if it is constructed and implemented in the hospital for women with episiotomy.

Keywords: Primpara, Episiotomy, Self-perineal Care

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effectiveness of Health Education-oriented Program on Parents' Awareness towards Adolescents' Violence Control in Baghdad City

المؤلفون: Mohammed F. Khalifa --- Kareem G. Sajem
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract:
Objective: This study aims to determine the effectiveness of health education oriented program on parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out in Baghdad city form 1st of April, 2008 to 1st of September, 2009. A purposive "non-probability" sample of 60 parents who have adolescents' violence in their families who were selected according to specific criteria. The researcher divided the samples into two equal groups; the study and control groups. The health education program, as well as a questionnaire was constructed as tools for data collection by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Content validity was determined by a panel of experts in different specialties. Reliability of instrument was determined by the use of test-retest approach through the pilot study which was carried out from October, 1st, 2008 to October, 22nd, 2008. Data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and mean), and inferential statistics (person correlation coefficient and t-test).

Results: Results of the study indicates that there is a significant comparative difference between parents' awareness towards adolescents' violence control in the study and control groups through the pre-test, post-test-Ι and post-test-ΙΙ. (after 3 to 4 weeks of post-test, for these results program is successful and can be considered as an effective means to increase parents' awareness.

Recommendations: The study recommended that such program can be implemented in form of sessions for parents of adolescents in schools or reformation of juveniles to increase their awareness.

Keywords: Parents' Awareness; Adolescents' Violence Control

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effectiveness of Instruction-oriented Intervention for Primipara Women upon Episiotomy and Self-perineal Care at Ibn Al-Baladi Hospital

المؤلفون: Rabea M. Ali --- Sajidah S. Oleiwi
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objective: To identify the effectiveness of instruction oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self perineal care.

Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of instruction-oriented intervention for primipara women upon episiotomy and self-perineal care. A purposive "non-probability" sample of (60) primipara mothers was selected from Ibn AL-Balady Pediatric and Maternity Hospital, Al-russafa, Baghdad. The sample has been divided into two groups; (30) primipara women who were considered as a study group, and another (30) primipara women who were considered as a control one. The study group was exposed to an instruction-oriented intervention. While, the control group was not exposed to the intervention. A questionnaire was developed as a tool of data collection for the purpose of the study. A pilot study was carried out to test the reliability of the questionnaire for the period from March 13th to March 25th, 2009. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach.

Results: The results have revealed that the study group participants had benefit from the implementation of instructional intervention and dramatic change had occurred in their episiotomy and self-perineal care knowledge. The study concluded that the majority of mothers had adequately met their needs of perineal care, cleanliness of the perineum, using ice pack, taking a soothing bath tube, dry heat, refrain from the marital relationship (coitus), mothers nutrition to prevent constipation, used bath room, pelvic muscle exercise, follow-up were adequately met.

Recommendations: The study recommended that the oriented instructional intervention can be presented to all pregnant mothers who are attending the primary health care centers. Moreover, an instructional intervention might be useful if it is constructed and implemented in the hospital for women with episiotomy.

Keywords: Primpara, Episiotomy, Self-perineal Care

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
The Effect of Different Concentrations of Gilvest with Water on the Setting Time of Phosphate-bonded investment

المؤلفون: Raya M. Jawad Al- Ghabban
الصفحات: 1-8
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الخلاصة

Abstract:

Objective: To identify of the effect of the different concentrations of the special liquid (for mixing the investment, Gilvest) and mixed with water/powder ratio on setting time of phosphate–bonded investment.

Method and materials: The present study is (60) specimens made from phosphate bonded investment divided into (4) groups (control and experimental groups), (15) specimens for each group. The Gillmore needle device is used to setting time of phosphate bonded investment mixed with different concentration of Gilvest and water.

Results: Showed that there is a high significant difference (P<0.01) between each groups in the ANOVA test and a significant difference (P<0.05) between the group (A) and control group in the LSD test.

Recommendations: using other concentration of Gilvest (0.3ml) mixed with water (0.2ml) and powder (15g) on the setting time of the phosphate–bonded investment. We can use another type of powder (gypsum–bonded investment) with the Gilvest at different concentrations.

Keywords: Gilvest, Water, Phosphate–bonded investment

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Evaluation of Aqueous and Ethanolic Extraction for Coriander Seeds, Leaves and Stems and Studying their Antibacterial Activity

المؤلفون: Yasmine H. Ali --- Intisar M. Oudah
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate two kinds of extraction (aqueous and ethanolic) for coriander using seeds, leaves and stems and studying their antibacterial activity against nine different microorganisms.

Methodology: Coriander was selected to carry out this study. Seeds, leaves and stems were collected from local markets in Baghdad then dried in shade for at least 10 days and grinded to fine powder. Aqueous hot extracts for 1hr. at (50c) and cold extracts for 24 hrs at (4c) were performed by using seeds, leaves and stems then studied antibacterial effect against nine different microorganisms by using well diffusion technique. Cold aqueous extracts of coriander seeds for 48 hrs. and 72 hrs and ethanolic extraction for 48hrs of seed, leaves and stems also performed.

Results: This study showed that hot aqueous extracts for 1hr. to all parts of coriander indicated no antibacterial activity, while cold aqueous extract for 24hrs of coriander seeds had inhibitory effect for some tested bacteria, but leaves and stems had not. Cold aqueous extract of seeds for 48hrs showed antibacterial activity for all tested bacteria but in 72hrs there was no inhibitory effect. On the other hand, ethanolic extracts of seeds, leaves and stems for 48hrs had antibacterial activity and the highest values for inhibition zone shown in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis.

Recommendations: The study recommends using coriander seeds extract as alternative medical therapy for microorganisms which may resist conventional treatment. This study is a first step for further studies. It is necessary to use various extraction methods to give active materials with high percentage, although different organic solvents to be used with coriander plant to obtain extracts used for testing different kinds of microorganisms which have highly resistance to conventional treatment.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Bacteriological and Chemical Study on the Effect of Lead in Blood and Saliva of Workers at Batteries Industry in Baghdad

المؤلفون: Baydaa H. Alwan
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Objectives: The study aims at:

1- Measuring the level of lead in workers’ saliva and blood in the factory.
2- Studying the correlation between the saliva lead level and the infection that caused by microorganisms, isolation and
identification.
3-Studying the influence of high blood lead level on the total white blood cells.

Methodology: This study has been conducted for the period from March 15th, 2010 to May, 20th, 2010. A total of (60) saliva and blood samples were collected from workers in batteries industry factory in Baghdad and another (20) samples were collected as a control group. Lead level had been measured in blood and saliva samples, then microorganisms were isolated the from the saliva samples. Microbial growth was submitted from morphological and biochemical investigation for identification of bacterial and fungi. On the other hand; the total white blood cells and differential count were measured.

Results: The results showed that the streptococcus mutans isolates were dominated species which are isolated from the saliva samples with 35% and 22.5% of candida albicans. On the other hand, the lead level had been measured in blood and saliva samples, the results showed that the occupation years affect on accumulation of the lead in the blood and saliva and significant differences were found at (p≤0.01) in samples from worker at 15 occupation years. Additionally, the results of this study revealed statistically non-significant in total white blood cells count comparison with controlling group.

Recommendations: The study recommends conducting laboratories tests for workers in factories that deal directly or indirectly with lead and establishing health education seminars to demonstrate the dangers of lead how we deal with it.

Keywords: Blood Lead Level, Saliva Lead Level, Lead Poisoning, Lead Toxicity, Streptococcus mutans

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Effect of Mechanical Surface Treatment on the Tensile Bond Strength of Repaired Acrylic Denture Base Resin Cured by Two Different Techniques

المؤلفون: Israa M. Hummudi
الصفحات: 1-6
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الخلاصة

Abstract:
Objective: To evaluate and compare the effect of mechanical surface treatment (groove, aluminum oxide particles) with 45 degree bevel type of joint on tensile bond strength of acrylic specimens repaired by two curing methods (microwave and water both).

Methodology: Eighty specimens (80) were prepared from pink heat cure acrylic resin. They were divided into two main groups (40 specimen repaired by microwave energy and 40 specimens repaired by water bath method).Each group can be divided into four subgroups of ten according to the surface treatment. The control group A was left intact, group B received no surface treatment, group C and D received surface treatment by (groove, 50 m aluminum oxide particles). Specimens were tasted by using an instron universal testing machine until fracture occurs.

Result: The results indicate that nurses have adequate knowledge toward general information on infection, infection control strategy, causes, prevention, sterilization and disinfection, and healthy conditions in operating room environment. Regarding practices, the results indicated inadequate practices concerning the standard precaution during wearing operation clothing, patient's preparation, and hand washing practices. While, their practices concerning tools and equipment preparations were adequate. There is a significant relationship between nurses’ knowledge and practices and their educational level and years of experience.

Recommendation: It can be concluded that mechanical surface treatment prior to denture base repair resulted in a significant improvement the tensile bond strength of denture base resin.

Keywords: Mechanical Surface Treatment; Tensile Bond; Repaired Acrylic Dentures

الكلمات الدلالية

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