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المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية

ISSN: 18122388
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التمريض
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تهتم بالبحوث التمريضية

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معلومات الاتصال

wadad_2005m@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2007 المجلد: 20 العدد: 1,2

Article
Assessment Types of Domestic Violence Among Iraqi Pregnant Women

المؤلفون: Suhad H. Khairi
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective : A descriptive analytical study was conducted on pregnant women who face domestic violence and receive antenatal services from obstetric wards ikou^V Ctemal ^4M^vrAdvQ^Ms> "& Baghdad city, to identify the types of domestic violence on pregnant woman. Methodology : A purposive sample of one hundred pregnant women with domestic violence was selected. Data were collected through questionnaire, the period extended from the 20th Feb to the 3rd May 2006. Descriptive and inferential statistical procedures were used to analyze the data. Results : The result of the study showed that the highest percentage (26%) of the study sample their age ranges from (30 - 34) years, most of them were housewife with low socioeconomic status, two third of the study sample were with low educational level. The number of parity ranged between (2-5) child and more. The study findings revealed that the majority of study sample suffer from hitting, criticizing and shouting during their daily life, threaten to be left, keep control on her income and force her for sex. The psychological domestic violence was in higher level of relative sufficiency, the physical domestic violence was in moderate level of relative sufficiency, while social and sexual abuse considered low level of relative sufficiency. Recommendation : The study recommended routine screening for women for any type of domestic violence during fertile age. Addressing domestic violence in medical and nursing curriculum, using mass media, availability of health services and support enhance cooperation between social agencies" justice and police with enforcing laws and research for the promotion and protecting women's rights.

الكلمات الدلالية

domestic violence


Article
Effectiveness of Short Wave Diathermy and Therapeutic Ultrasound on The Management of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis

المؤلفون: Falah Salim Manhal
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective : The present study is aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of short wave diathermy and ultrasound therapy for the management of patients with knee osteoarthritis Methodology : all patients who referred to the Medical Rehabilitation Unit in Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Sadr A!-Qanat Center. The period of the study was from October 2004 to April 2005, total number of patients was 24 (9 male and 15 female). Age range of patients was 42-70 years. Complete clinical and radiological examinations were achieved on all patients and referred to the Medical Rehabilitation Unit for physiotherapy. Short wave diathermy and ultrasound therapy were applied on all patients. Results : Demographic distribution revealed that female gender, the ages more than 50 year, the weight with grade II obesity were the most affected. Clinical observations indicated that chronic and severe cases were the most obvious. The study revealed that deformity, muscle wasting, local inflammation, and effusion were recorded in most patients. Outcomes of treatment with short wave and ultrasound therapies were nearly equally regarding their well-effectiveness, patient's acceptance, and patient's improvement. It was concluded that the ultrasound therapy is more preferable than short wave diathermy in the management of oedema accompanying chronic knee osteoarthritis. Recommendation : Further cohort studies are required to evaluate the effects of these procedures on a large sample of patients. Key wards : Knee osteoarthritis, Physiotherapy, Short wave diathermy, Ultrasound therapy

الكلمات الدلالية

Knee osteoarthritis --- Physiotherapy --- Short wave diathermy --- Ultrasound therapy


Article
Incidence of Seasonal Diarrhea among Children at Child's Central Hospital

المؤلفون: Layla F. Abu- Ragheef
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: Diarrhea is a symptom of a variety of conditions may attack the child. It considered one of mam causes of mortality rates especially in low socio- economic level countries. The child can be easily got dehydration and pass from loss of too much body fluid and due to the Common thoueht of increasing the incidence of diarrhea during summer season, this study is done to find out the relation between the high incidences rate of diarrhea and weather variation Methodology: This survey conducted in AL- Markazi Child's Teaching Hospital for the year 2005 the data were gathered from hospital records for the period (January - December) and age groups taxonomy used by hospital applied. Descriptive statistical analysis and diagrams used Results: The analysis revealed that the incidence of diarrhea happens all around the year and for the whole age groups. Summer results pointed out high ratio in relation to the results of spring winter and autumn seasons. Also more incidence seen among the age group (<2 months- one year) then the aee group (<5 years) held the second rank in getting diarrhea. Recommendations: The study recommended after analysis of data statistically, orientation about danger of diarrhea very necessary to whole society by different means especially the parents and issue firm legislation to keep the environment as much as it should be free from outbreak of diarrhea.

الكلمات الدلالية

Diarrhea --- child --- and season


Article
Evaluation of Nursing Care Management for Diabetes Mellitus Patient with Total Hip Replacement

المؤلفون: Hussein Hadi Atia
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: The aim of the study to evaluate the nursing care management for diabetes mellitus patient with total hip replacement after fractured hip. Methodology: A field study carried out on patients with diabetes mellitus and have total hip replacement after fractured hip in orthopedic ward at the hospital of surgical specialization (male- female)during January 2002 to January 2003.Physical and psychological nursing assessment immediately after the surgery was done for the both subjects (control and experimental) and then a scientific management with daily nursing care were provided to the experimental subject with daily nursing care to the patient condition by using a scientific and practical methods and leave the control subjects on the ward nurses. An evaluation was done to the experimental subjects physically and psychologically before departing to their families again. Results: The results of the evaluation showed that most of the patients have many prognoses in their condition with less complication. Recommendation: According to the results of this study, the researchers recommended that the importance of orthopedic nurses education all the scientific and practical methods for this type of patients which is most of them was aged and have diabetes mellitus.

الكلمات الدلالية

Nursing management --- Diabetes mellitus patient --- total hip replacement.


Article
Assessment of Nurses' Knowledge Towards Child with Bacterial Meningitis at Pediatric Teaching Hospitals in Baghdad City

المؤلفون: Khamees Bandar Al-Sa'idi
الصفحات: 1-11
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: The study aims to assess nurses' knowledge toward the child having bacterial meningitis and to find the relationship between nurses' knowledge and their demographic variables. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out at the pediatric teaching hospitals in Baghdad from the 1 st November 2005 to the 1 st August, 2006. Non probability (purposive) sample of (60) nurses were selected from pediatric teaching hospitals in Baghdad, these nurses are working at medical, pediatric emergency wards and premature units and they have at least one year of experience in pediatric hospital. The data were collected through using specially constructed questionnaire, which comprises (107) items and filled by using interview technique. The reliability of the questionnaire was determined through a pilot study and the validity through a oanel of experts. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistic frequency, percentage, and the application of inferential statistical procedures, which include Pearson correlation coefficient and chi-square. Results: The results of the study indicated that nurses have inadequate knowledge about general information (35 %), diagnosis (38.3 %), and medical treatment (40 %).While they have accepted level of knowledge (38.3 %), in nursing management toward the child with bacterial meningitis. In conclusion the results indicated that one third of the sample (33. 3 %) has poor knowledge toward all aspects of bacterial meningitis. Moreover, there is no significant association between nurse's knowledge and their age, sex, and marital status. However, significant relationship is found between their knowledge and their level of education, years of experience in pediatric unite, and years of employment. Recommendation: The study recommended that education and training programs in bacterial meningitis should be presented to the nurses. Key wards : Bacterial Meningitis

الكلمات الدلالية

Bacterial Meningitis


Article
Assessment of knowledge and practices for nurses about the autonomic dysreflexia syndrome in the spinal cord patients

المؤلفون: Narmein B. Tofieq
الصفحات: 1-7
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: the aim of the study is to assess the knowledge and practices for nurses that working in words of Ibn Al-kuff hospital for spinal cord injuries. Methodology: descriptive study from the period of (1st of July to the 30th August 2005) about the knowledge and practical management when autonomic dysreflexia syndrome affects those patients whom sleeping in the words of this hospital and its relationship with some variables. The sample of the study consists of (100) nurses male and females are selected purposively. a questionnaire check list was designed for study purpose and applied by (test - retest) to improve the reliability, the validity of the assessment was determined through a panel of experts. The data analyzed by using descriptive statistical approach (frequency, percentage, mean of score, test) and inferential data analysis approach (chi-square). Results: the finding of the study indicated that the large number of these nurses did not have enough knowledge and practices about autonomic dysreflexia syndrome management during its occurrence. Recommendation: the researchers suggested that especial education program should be developed and implemented for these nurses who work in the spinal cord injuries wards, the program should include, knowledge and practices relative to general, sings and symptoms, causes nursing intervention of the autonomic dysre flexia.

الكلمات الدلالية

nurses knowledge --- autonomic --- dysreflexia syndrome --- spinal cord injury


Article
Assessment of the fear of Delivery among Women at Labor

المؤلفون: Rabea, M. Ali
الصفحات: 1-20
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: To assess the fear of laboring women regarding the delivery on themselves and their newborns. Methodology : A descriptive study was conducted on (100) pregnant women who where admitted to labor room in Al- Yarmock Teaching Hospital/Maternity Units, Fatima Al- Zahra and Ibn-Al Baladi Maternity and Pediatric Hospital. The questionnaire was consisted of pregnant women socio-demographic data, reproductive data and fear items of labor. Data were collected by using a questionnaire format, through interview technique and reviewing pregnant records, descriptive and inferential statistical procedure were used to analyze the data. Results: The main results of the study revealed a high mean of scores with moderate (RS) in women's fear regarding labor on her self ( labor difficulties ,dying during labor, labor pain related to uterine contractions, prolonged labor, fear of being left alone, fear of episiotomy, and exposure to infection ) And on their newborn in (delivery of unhealthy or abnormal newborn ,newborn death during or after delivery, head dystocia, fetal asphyxia, and exposure to cold and infection ). The findings also presented significant differences between women's fear regarding labor on themselves and socio demographic and reproductive variables in (age, education, residency, socioeconomic status, history of abortion, pregnancy &delivery complications ), and on their newborn in (age, education, type of family .gravidity, parity, history of abortion, &pregnancy complications). Recommendation: Educational program can be designed to orient the pregnant women toward physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy, labor & delivery process and Initiation of prenatal education classes in primary health care centers. Key wards : Fear of labor, fear of delivery, psychology of labor and activity.

الكلمات الدلالية

Fear of labor --- fear of delivery --- psychology of labor and activity.


Article
Assessment of Nursing College Students' Health Protective Behaviors

المؤلفون: Talib M. Kudhair
الصفحات: 1-9
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: to assess the Nursing College students' health-protective behaviors (HPBs) and their association with some sociodemograghic characteristics. Methodology: A sample of 100 Students (males and females) was selected through a systematic random sample that were at the third and fourth year of Nursing College in Baghdad University for the period of April 1st through April 30th 2007. Data were collected through the use of a self-report instrument that used for Americans as HPBs assessment that contains 23 items. Reliability and validity of the tool were determined through a pilot study. A descriptive statistical approach (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square) were used for data analysis. Results: the study indicated that health protective behaviors (HPBs) of the students were bad and there is a significant relationship between HPBs of the students and their sociodemograghic characteristics. Recommendations: the study recommended that an education program can be designed, conducted, and implemented to the universities' students as well as further and nation-wide studies can be on a large sample size of colleges of nursing students. Key Words: health-protective behaviors, nursing college students.

الكلمات الدلالية

health-protective behaviors --- nursing college students


Article
Prevalence of Hypochondriasis Disorder among Iraqi Former Prisoners of Iraq-Iran War, 1980-1988

المؤلفون: Maan Hameed Ibrahim
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective : To find out the prevalence of Hypochondriasis among Iraqi repatriated prisoners of Iraq-Iran war, and the relationship with some variables. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out from Jan. 2nd , 2006 through May 4th , 2006. A non-probability accidental sample of 400 repatriates who had visited; Ministry of Human Rights, Ministry of Health, and Ministry of Defense. A questionnaire was constructed for this purpose, which consisted of 6 items for demographic data, and 14 items for measuring Hypochondriasis. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire had been determined through the pilot study (Test and retest) and the experts panel. Data were collected with using the constructed questionnaire and the process of the interview as means for data collection. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis, which are; percentages, frequencies and inferential statistic analysis (Pearson correlation coefficient). Results: The study revealed that the majority of repatriates are inflicted with moderate and severe levels of Hypochondriasis. The findings also indicated that there is a high significant relationship between Hypochondriasis relative to; duration of captivity, marital status, level of education, and date of repatriation. Recommendations: The study recommends that it is very important to establish special mental health services centers within the primary health care centers deal with those repatriates for counseling and in order to diagnose and treat them and further studies in this field with follow-up studies for the Keyword: prevalence, hypochondriasis, Iraqi prisoners, war.

الكلمات الدلالية

prevalence --- hypochondriasis --- Iraqi prisoners --- war.


Article
Construction of an Initial Assessment Documentation Tool for Nursing Recording System in Coronary Care Units

المؤلفون: Mona Faraj Shamoun
الصفحات: 1-17
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective : The study was carried out to construct an initial assessment documentation tool for nursing recording system in Coronary Care Unit. Methodology : A descriptive, purposive sample of (65) nurses was selected from CCU of main teaching hospitals (Al Karama, Al Kindy, Al Kadimia, Al Yarmmok, Baghdad teaching hospital, Ibn Al Naffis hospital) and Ibn-Al betar hospital in Baghdad city from the 15th of April 2004 to the 15th of April 2006. The instrument was constructed and comprised of two sections: section one included the nurses' demographic characteristic; section two was the initial assessment documentation tool that contained (2) parts including: General information form and the initial assessment form. Descriptive and inferential statistical procedures were used to analyze the data. Reliability of the instrument was determined for the tool parts and it was (0.85), besides that a panel of experts determined the validity of the tool. Results : The findings revealed that the most of the study sample were young male with nursing institute graduate and the majority of them employed with limited experience ranging between (1-5) years as general and experience in CCU. In spite of that no one of them got a training course in documenting their activities. The present study revealed that, the distribution of nurses' responses to the health pattern indicated that the (health perception, exchanging, subjective awareness of information, nutrition-metabolic, elimination, activity and exercise, rest and sleep, cognitive-sensing, and relationship) patterns were the most appropriate, clear and comprehensive patterns for them. Most of the international nursing diagnosis items of the tool were clear for nurses except few items. The results also showed that there was a statistically significant influence between the nurses' responses to the (11) health patterns with the age variable except in the cognitive - sensing pattern. Moreover, the level of education patterns significantly influences the entire sample responses. " Assistant Professor, Fundamentals of Nursing Department,College of Nursing,University of Baghdad " Assistant Professor, Fundamentals of Nursing Department,College of Nursing,University of Baghdad 78 Construction of Assessment Documentation Tool Recommendation : According to the results of the study the investigator recommended to initiate periodical educational programs for nurses toward tool application, assigned professional nurses in CCU and formulating a multidisciplinary documentation tool to provide a support in relation to the implementation of patient's care. Key wards : Construction, Initial assessment, Documentation tool, Nursing recording system, Coronary care unit.


Article
A study of Addictive Inpatients at Ibn-Rushd Psychiatric Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

المؤلفون: Amir .A. Hussain
الصفحات: 1-14
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective :. 1-Find out the prevalence of alcohol and drugs addiction in two different years before and after the last war i.e. in 2002 and in 200. 2-Study the association between the addiction and some variables. 3-Identify the prescribed drugs and other substances that have been abused Methodology : A retrospective study has been conducted involving the in-patients at addiction unit-Ibn- Rushd psychiatric hospital in Baghdad by applying the semi-structured form based on ICD-10 criteria of addiction and dependency with the confirmation of the specialist psychiatrist diagnosis of dependency. Data concerning each patient admitted in the hospital was gathered to have an idea about the problem of addiction (drugs and alcohol) during the year 2002 and the year 2004. The total number of the patients was 286. Results : The results showed that drug addiction was significantly increased more than alcohol, 73% of admissions in 2002 were alcoholic while in 2004, 40.8% of in-patients were alcoholic. In 2004, the drug addiction in patients was 58.2% and in 2002 was only 27%, which was statistically significance. All patients were males; young age, single, and unemployed. The most common drug was benzhexol (artane) either alone or with other drugs or mixed with alcohol. Recommendation :. Key wards: addiction, alcohol, drugs, in-patient, Psychiatric hospital maturity.

الكلمات الدلالية

addiction --- alcohol --- drugs --- in-patient --- Psychiatric hospital maturity


Article
Quality Assurance of Nursing Performance in Surgical Wards

المؤلفون: Bushra Khair - Allah Al-Zubaidi
الصفحات: 1-19
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: The study deafs with nursing performance in the surgical wards in general hospital at Baghdad city. Methodology : A descriptive evaluation design using, observational method was carried out. Non probability (purposive) sample of (151) nurses was selected for the study and comprised all nurses who worked in general surgical wards in the four health sectors( Rusaffa , Al-Karkh, Al-Yarmok, Medical city health sector) at time of collecting the data. A check list questionnaire was constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study; it is composed of (2) major parts, part (I) is concerned with socio-demographic data and the second part is composed of two minor parts thev concerned with availability of equipment and nursing performance. Validity of the questionnaire was determined through panel of experts. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined through computation correlation coefficient of (93.3) was statistically acceptable.The data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive data analysis approach and the inferential statistics. Results : The findings of the study indicated that more than half of the sample (66.2%) was male, the majority of the sample (71.52%) were in group (25-30) year. Most of the sample (29.8%) was training course graduates. The higher percentage (58.3%) has no training session after ward. Findings of the study had pointed that there were severe shortages in availability of equipment related to patients admission procedure, preoperative and postoperative nursing care procedures.The results also revealed that the nurses performance were inadequate related to some nursing procedures such as admission procedure, preoperative nursing care procedure and postoperative nursing procedure. The findings of the study has approved that there was significant relationship between nursing performance and demographic variables, Such as gender, age, level of education, training session. * Ph.D., Medical Surgical Nursing Department /College of Nursing / University of Baghdad "Assistant Professor,Fundemental of Nursing Department/College of Nursing/University of Baghdad *** Assistant Professor, General Surgery Department/College of Medicine/University of Baghdad. 100 Quality Assurance of Nursing Performance. Recommendation : The study recommended that emphasis shoulde be directed toward developing strategy to ensure adequate supplies and equipment, continuous nursing education and training program should be arranged for correct nursing performance . Quality assurance programme should be provided in every health agency and especially in surgical wards, and employment of college or institution graduate nurses in surgical ward should be planned. Key wards : Quality assurance ,nursing performance ,surgical procedure.

الكلمات الدلالية

Quality assurance --- nursing performance --- surgical procedure

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