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المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية

ISSN: 18122388
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التمريض
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تهتم بالبحوث التمريضية

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معلومات الاتصال

wadad_2005m@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2006 المجلد: 19 العدد: 2

Article
Assessment of Bio-social Aspect with Cholelithiasis Patients in Baghdad City

المؤلفون: Abd Al-Kareem Hamza Shanon
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract: Objective: To find out the relationship between the bio-social aspect with cholelithiasis patients and demographic characteristics in Baghdad city. Methodology: A purposive (non-probability) sample of (100) patients, from (20-70) years old, who were selected from patients who were admitted to hospital at preoperative stage, from Gastroenterology and Hepatology Hospital, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Al-Yarmook Teaching Hospital, Al-Karama Teaching Hospital, Teaching Hospital. A descriptive study was carried out from 25th of June 2004 to the end of October 2004. An assessment form was constructed for the purpose of the study. Test-retest reliability was employed through computation of Pearson correlation coefficient. Content validity of the assessment form was determined through a panel of experts. Data were collected with interview technique. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square and correlation coefficient). Results: The study indicated that the mean of age was (52.6) year. The majority of them were females who fair; multiparty lived in urban, obesity, illiterate, low socio-economic status. The result of the study confirmed that the bio-social aspect had an effect on the incidence of cholelithiasis. Recommendations: The study recommended that the number of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Hospital should be increased in Iraq because; some of the patients come to Baghdad to treatment. Patients with positive family history for cholelithiasis must be educated and informed about [diet and fluid, which are related to gallstones, exercise, Regular follow-up include, (routine X-ray, ultra-sound general laboratory investigations), drugs use and side effect]. Keywards: Cholelithiasis, Gallstones.

الكلمات الدلالية

Cholelithiasis --- Gallstones


Article
Inducing the Health Promotion Model for Nursing Practice: Qualitative Study

المؤلفون: Mohammed F. Khalifa
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: To generate a model that conceptualizes the phenomenon of health promotion and its related factors. Methodology: A grounded theory methodology is used as qualitative method to explore the health promotion as phenomenon of interest and its other related factors from the perspectives of specialists in this field. The study is carried out from January 2002 through September 2004. A sample of (20) specialists in health sciences are selected and interviewed as experts in the area of health promotion. The investigators conducted intensive and structured interviews with the specialists to collect the data. These interviews were transcribed verbatim, analyzed and interpreted. Results: Findings of the study indicated that health promotion is affected by multiple factors including human ones (i.e., health balance, attitudes, health potentials, environmental or ecological factors, social and cultural factors). From the model, numerous nursing interventions can be drawn for assessment, implementation and evaluation that may assist to maintain and improve health, as well as achieve optimum level of health. Recommendations: The study recommends that further research can be conducted to examine this model for its compatibility and applicability for nursing practice in the area of health promotion. Key Words: health promotion model, nursing practice, qualitative study

الكلمات الدلالية

health promotion model --- nursing practice --- qualitative study


Article
Evaluation of Nursing Knowledge and Practices Concerning Nursing Care of Patient with Skin Traction in Orthopedic Units in Kurdistan Region

المؤلفون: Ronak H. Al-Barwari
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: The study aimed to evaluate knowledge and practices of nursing staff at the orthopedic units regarding the existing care of patient with skin traction. Methodology: The sample consists of (40) nurses, (20) of them from Emergency Teaching Hospital in Duhok and the other (20) of them from Erbil Teaching Hospital in Erbil from 1st Dec. 2004 to the end of June 2005 in Kurdistan Region. Two instruments were constructed to evaluate knowledge and practices. Evaluation of knowledge was done by using of multiple choice questions composed of (25) questions, and evaluation of practice was done by using the observational check list which consist of four main category (pre skin traction, during skin traction, post skin traction and follow up of patient have skin traction). Validity of questionnaire was determined through the expert. Results: Indicated that the nurses knowledge scores was satisfied about patient have skin traction in Duhok and Erbil. In relation to the evaluation of nurses’ practice, it was found that the practices of the nurses were inadequate in Duhok and Erbil Hospitals. The study founded there was no significant difference between Duhok and Erbil of knowledge and practices. The finding indicated that there was no significant relationship between nurses’ knowledge and practices and years of experience in orthopedic units. Recommendation: The number of staff should be increased in orthopedic units, education and special training programs for these nurses in orthopedic units should be designed and presented through how to provide nursing care, how to prevent complications and management of complications if present. Key words: Nursing care- skin traction

الكلمات الدلالية

Nursing care- skin traction


Article
Validity of Testicular Biopsy Among Azoospermic Patients Prior to Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

المؤلفون: Abdulaali Hussain Salman
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the clinical significance of open diagnostic testicular biopsy as prognostic predictor of successful sperm retrieval among azoospermic infertile patients. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Infertility clinic and assisted reproduction unit at the institute of embryo research and infertility treatment, Baghdad University. Patients: Sixty infertile azoospermic patients. Intervention: Pieces of testicular tissue taking during open diagnostic multiple bilateral testicular biopsies was prepared for histological examination and grouped according to well-defined histopathological patterns. Measurement of testicular size and serum reproductive hormones (FSH, LH, Testosterone, and PRL) were done for all these sixty azoospermic patients. Main Outcome Measures: Sperm found with a new histopatholigical categorization and sub categorization. Results: Our study showed no significant difference between mean testicular size and mean serum reproductive hormonal (FSH, LH, T and PRL) concentrations of MAFS compared to CMA and that of SCOFS compared to SCO. The sperm found with open diagnostic bilateral biopsy was positive in transverse section of seminiferous tubules of NS, HS, MAFS, and SCOFS, where as it was negative in CMA, CSCO, and TF. Conclusions: It was concluded from the results of the work that the new histological categorization of open testicular biopsies was found to be practical, informative, and most useful diagnostic and prognostic predictor to select the patients for TESE-ICSI.

الكلمات الدلالية

Azoospermia --- testicular biopsy --- testicular histology --- FSH --- LH --- T --- PRL


Article
Evaluation of nurses practices toward patients who undergo cardiac catheterization

المؤلفون: Abdel Halim . M
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the nurse's practices and it's relationship between with thier demographic characteristic. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out , from January 15th 2002 to April 15th 2002 , to evaluate the nurse’s practices toward patients who undergo cardiac catheterization . A purposive sample of ( 65 ) nurse , was selected out of three teaching hospitals in Baghdad city . These nurses were worked at the catheterization units and catheterization labs .A questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study , which comprised of three major parts in which there were ( 45 ) items . Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were determined through the conduct of a pilot study . Data were collected through the use of the constructed questionnaire as an observational tool and the observation technique as means of data collection . Data were analyzed through the use of two statistical analysis approaches : 1 - Descriptive statistical analysis that included frequencies and percentages . 2 - Inferential statistical analysis that include mean of scores , Alpha correlation coefficient and Chi square . Result: Findings of the study indicated that there were no significant associations between the nurse’s practices toward patients who undergo cardiac catheterization and their educational level and the nurse’s sex. The present study concluded that all staff nurse had performed almost an equal level of practices regardless to their sex and education and newly employed nurses had presented better practices that other . Recommendation: The study recommended that a well – formulated bill of standards should be created and presented to all sites in which such practices are performed . Special training programs should be designed and constructed for nurses in this area to reinforce their skills and promote their experience Keyword : cardiac patients cardiac catheterization

الكلمات الدلالية

cardiac patients cardiac catheterization


Article
Assessment of Nurses’ Knowledge Concerning Peritonitis- Dialysis Association in Baghdad Teaching Hospitals

المؤلفون: Abdul- Kareem S. Al-Mansory
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objectives : The study aims to assessing nurses’ knowledge concerning peritonitis- dialysis association at the peritoneal dialysis units, and to identifying the relationship between some nurses’ knowledge and some of their demographic characteristic. Methodology : A descriptive study was carried out at the peritoneal dialysis units in Baghdad Teaching Hospitals started from November 29th 2004 to August 15th, 2005. A purposive sample of (52) nurses was selected from Baghdad Teaching Hospitals. The data were collected through the use of constructed questionnaire, which comprised of (97) items as an interview questionnaire technique as mean of data collection. The reliability of the instrument was determined through a pilot study and the validity through a panel of experts. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis that includes frequency and percentage, the application of inferential statistics that include the mean of score and Chi-square test. Results : The findings of the study indicated that the peritoneal dialysis nurses have inadequate knowledge about general information concerning peritonitis- dialysis association was, acceptable, knowledge in diagnosis and treatment and adequate knowledge in prevention of peritonitis- dialysis association. Recommendations: it is recommended that special peritoneal dialysis training program and booklets should be designed and presented to these nurses. Key wards : peritonitis , dialysis

الكلمات الدلالية

peritonitis --- dialysis


Article
Assessment of Psychological Problems for Institutionalized and Noninstitutionalized Geriatric People in Baghdad City

المؤلفون: Abdullah Eiada Mecheser Al-Elaiawy
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract objective : To assess for Psychological Problems. The study was carried out from 1st of December 2004 to 15th March, 2005. Mythology : A descriptive comparative study was conducted for elder in the geriatric home and the community; A questionnaire was constructed to achieve the purposes of the study; it includes two parts dealing with the elder demographic characteristics and psychological problems. A purposive (no probability) sampling of (100) elderly include (50) elderly from the Geriatric Home and (50) elderly from the community. Data were collected and analyzed through a descriptive statistical approach (frequency, percentage, mean and mean of scores, Standard deviation, Relative Sufficiency). Result : the study concluded that Most of institutionalized geriatric people suffer from psychological problems (Cognitive disorders( Sever Amnesia (RS(73.33%)), Mental confusion (RS(71.33%));Anxiety (RS(88%)); Depression (Sever sadness (RS(84.67%)); Anger(RS(94.67%)) ; and Low self-esteem (Feeling of in confidence about future (RS(75.33%)) more than those who live in noninstitutionalized. The study recommended that families who were caring for elderly person should receive financial support from government and establishing geriatric centers for dealing with special medical, and psychological problems... Key words : Geriatric people in the institutionalized and noninstitutionalized .


Article
The Impact of Household Hazardous Waste upon the Environment Pollution

المؤلفون: Alaa Noori Sarkees
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objectives: To determine the impact of the household hazardous waste’s aspects upon the environment pollution. and to identify the relationship between the households’ demographic characteristics and the aspects of household hazardous waste. Methodology: A descriptive study is conducted between December 14th 2004 to October 20th 2005that uses of an assessment tool. A probability (simple random sampling) of (336) principal’s households which is selected from the zones around the (14) primary health care centers as focal points, (8) in the urban and (6) in the rural areas of Baghdad Governorate. After reliability and validity were determined Data are collected through the use of an assessment tool that is consisted of households’ demographic characteristics and factors that produce household hazardous waste, awareness towards such waste, and management of this waste. Data is performed through the use of descriptive statistical approach (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics (stepwise multiple regression analysis). Results: The findings reveal that the aspect of awareness towards household’s hazardous waste has a greater impact upon the household hazardous waste than factors that produce this waste and management of such waste. The study concludes that Low-educated, being in extended family and living with moderately oriented socioeconomic status have influenced the households’ awareness towards their hazardous waste and identification of factors that contribute to such waste and their management of this waste. Recommendation: The study recommends that the Public Awareness Programs can be designed, constructed and presented to increase their awareness towards identification of factors that produce such waste and its management. Key words: Impact, of Household Hazardous Waste, Environment Pollution.

الكلمات الدلالية

Impact --- of Household Hazardous Waste --- Environment Pollution


Article
Impact of Maternal Risk Factors on Birth Weight of Newborn in Two Maternity Hospitals in Baghdad City

المؤلفون: Shukria Shadhan Jeid
الصفحات: 1-10
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الخلاصة

Abstract Objectives: A cross sectional analytic study was carried out to identify the maternal risk factors which contribute to occurrence of low birth weight, and to determine the statistical significant differences between low birth weight and maternal risk factors. Methodology: A purposive sample of (400) woman was selected from AL-Elwyia Maternity Teaching Hospital and Fatima Al-Zaharia Maternity and Pediatric Teaching Hospital. Data was collected through the interview of mothers. Questionnaire format was designed and consisted seven parts, demographic variables, and reproductive variables , Reproductive health variables, complications during the current pregnancy, the mother newborn variables nutritional status for the mother , antenatal care services, and the psychosocial status for pregnant women. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire were determined by conducting a pilot study. Descriptive and inferential statistical procedures were used to analyze the data. Results: The results of the study revealed that the most of them their age was ranged between (20-34) years, and the highest percentage of them were graduated of primary school and less, most of them were housewives with low socioeconomic status. The result indicated that there were five important variables contributed to the incidence of low birth weight and these variables were gestational age nutrition status, previous low birth weight, and psychosocial status for pregnant women during pregnancy and the age of mothers. Recommendations: it is recommended to emphasize on prenatal care as early as possible and improve health services rendered to mothers during pregnancy that the nurse must take the role in reducing the incidence of LBW. Key words: Low birth weight, Normal birth weight and Newborn variables, (Gestational age, weight & Mode of delivery)

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