جدول المحتويات

المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية

ISSN: 18122388
الجامعة: جامعة بغداد
الكلية: التمريض
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية تهتم بالبحوث التمريضية

Loading...
معلومات الاتصال

wadad_2005m@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2005 المجلد: 18 العدد: 1

Article
Impact of functional disability on lifestyle for patients with arthritis

المؤلفون: Mohammed M. Ali
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive study, which was using an assessment approach, was conducted for the determination of the impact of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis patient’s functional disability upon their life style. The study was carried out at the Rheumatology and outpatients clinics of AL-Karama Teaching Hospital, Baghdad Teaching Hospital AL-Kindey Teaching Hospital and Specialized surgeries Teaching Hospital for the period of October 15th 2003 through May 13th 2004 in Baghdad City. A purposive (non-probability) sample of (245) arthritis patients which was comprised (111) rheumatoid arthritis patients and (134) osteoarthritis patients, was selected out of the early stated settings. The questionnaire was comprised of two main parts. Part one dealing with sociodemographical data like (age, sex, marital status, education level) and part two was including lifestyle domains of physical, occupation, social, environmental emotional and spiritual. The findings of the study presented that these patients functional disability had great impact upon their lifestyle with regard to their daily living activities, such as dressing, cleaning, walking and working, as well as the domains of family interaction, environmental interaction and emotional disorders. The study recommended that well designed and structured health education program can be presented to these patients with respect to preventive, curative and rehabilitative issues by which complications can be reduced and health status can be promoted and maintained through the exercise program, drugs montoring and follow-up and patients education about the disease and drugs side effects

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Postoperative Follow-up for Patients with Recurrent Kidney Stone

المؤلفون: Haleema Y. Kadhim
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract Kidney stones are one of the most common and most painful medical problems known (1). Nurses assess and monitor patients through diagnosis and treatment and teach patients how to avoid recurrence of stones (2). A descriptive study was conducted on 150 patients diagnosed with recurrent kidney stones, who were attending the out patients consultation urology disease clinics at surgical specialties, Al-Kadhimia, Al-Yarmook, and Al-Karama Teaching Hospital and Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) departments for the period from the 1st of Feb. 2002 through to the end of May 2004. The aim of the study is to assess the post-operative follow-up for patients with recurrent kidney stones. None- probability (purposive sample) of 150 patients with recurrent kidney stones The reliability and validity of the instrument were determined through a pilot study. The data were collected through the use of constructed questionnaire and analysis through the application of descriptive statistical analysis procedures which included. (Frequency, percentage, mean score, stander deviation, relative sufficiency) and application of inferential statistical analysis which included the (Chi-square)

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Description of Surveillance System of Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Human Immunodefiency Virus and Acquired Immunodefiency Syndrome in Iraq

المؤلفون: Refai Y. Hummed
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive study using evaluation technique was carried at the health organizations concerning STIs/HIV/AIDS, mainly the AIDS Researches and Studies Center in Baghdad and many of the AIDS sections in the Health Directorates in the Governorates throughout the period of May 15th , 2003 through September 30th, 2003( to describe the surveillance system for the period 1993 through 2002). The study aimed to describe the STIs/HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Iraq. System evaluation questionnaire was adopted from WHO and developed for the purpose of this study. Content validity of questionnaire was established through a panel of 12 experts. Interobservor reliability method was carried out by two researchers to establish the reliability of the instrument and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was computed for such reliability as (0.93). Data were collected through two ways, firstly from the documented information which was available in the health organizations concerning STIs/HIV/AIDS surveillance activities and secondly from the direct interview that was carried out with the health workers who are involved in the surveillance system. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (frequency and percentage). The study reveals that the activities of the surveillance system are covering all over the country through its distributed health facilities. The surveillance system is focusing on capture, control and prevent transmission of Syphilis, HIV and AIDS as a health events of devastating consequences on the patient and community. Also it succeeds in identification and coverage of the risk groups. National regulation notification of new HIV+ve case is very rapid to control the case and to protect the community . Control measures are so effective in preventing the transmission of these diseases. Three levels (Peripheral , Intermediate and Central) are identified to conduct the surveillance activities all over the country, through which special schedule of time is depending in reporting the information . Feedback among these levels is taking the forms of sessions, seminars for the staff involved in the surveillance, the community and field visits to the sentinel sites. The study recommended that high technical communication means may be depended in reporting . Lastly, surveillance is to be included as a subject in the curriculum of the Community Health Nursing as well as for Community Medicine for undergraduate and post-graduate students.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Life – Style of patients with peptic ulcer A case control study

المؤلفون: Samir Y. Al-Ani
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive (retrospective) (a case-control) study was carried out at Al-Karama Teaching Hospital, Baghdad Teaching Hospital and Surgical Specialties Hospital, and Gastro-Intestinal Tract and Liver (GIT) Hospital for the period of December 1st, 2001 To March 15th 2002. To identify aspects of life-style that may contribute to the occurrence of peptic ulcer (P.U)as risk factors. And to find out the relationship between the demographic characteristic of the group. Non-probability (Purposive) sample of (100) cases who were admitted to the endoscopy department who were later on diagnosed as having peptic ulcer. The other (100) controls, were free of any gastrointestinal disorder. They were matched with the cases by age, gender, marital status, and occupation. Questionnaire was designed and comprised of (73) items. The reliability of the questionnaire(r=0.89). The data collected by use of interview and analyzed by using descriptive statistical analysis that include frequency, percentage, Mean, Mean of scores, pearson correlation coefficient, and inferential statistical analysis that include chi-square, t-teset, and stepwise multiple regression. The results revealed a significant relationship between life style and the occurrence of peptic ulcer and significant relationship between the demographic characteristics and the occurrence of peptic ulcer. The stady recommended that: Establishing specialized centers of gastro-Intestinal trackt in all governorates to present wide services to persons at risk of peptic ulcer and Education program should be designed to increase people information.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of the psychological domain of the quality of life for infertile men

المؤلفون: Abdul-Salam M. Dallak
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive correlation study which was utilizing an assessment approach, was carried out from November 19th, 2002 through April 30, 2004 in order to assess the psychosocial domain of the quality of life for the infertile men. A purposive sample of (200) men with infertility was selected from the High Institute for Embryo Research and Infertility Treatment and Alsamaraee Hospital in Baghdad city. A questionnaire was adoapted and developed of the World Health Organization quality of life scale for the purpose of the study. The questionnaire (WHOQOL) (1998) Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were determined through a pilot study. Data were collected through the use of the questionnaire, the application of the interview technique and review of the infertile men records. Data were analyzed through descriptive and the inferential data analysis approach. The findings of the study showed that the positive and negative feelings , thinking and self-esteem had impact on the quality of life for the infertile men . The findings of the study showed that the demographic characteristics of the infertile men of infertility duration, age of husband, first marriage, frequency sexual activity , marriage age had a highly significant relationship to the sub-domain of positive and negative feelings of the infertile quality of life. The findings of the study showed that there was a highly significant relationship between sexual impotence and the age of husband and the sub-domain of thinking of the quality of life . The findings of the study showed that quality of life had a strong relationship with the sub-domain of positive and negative feelings , thinking and self-esteem . The study recommended that an interventional and education oriented program can be designed , constructed and administered to the infertile men and their wives through which health and life related issues can be presented . Well – structured and highly – specialized infertility center can be established to provide infertility treatment and psychological and social counseling to all infertile men with reasonable cost.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Study on the Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among Children Attending Al-Daura Health Centre-Baghdad

المؤلفون: Basima A.S.
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The present study on the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection from July 2003 to July 2004 ,was conducted among children aged(less than 5 -14 )years attending AL-Daura Health Centre in Baghdad City .(350) specimen were choosen randomly and examined, 160(45.7%) of these were infected , 140 (87.5%) harboured one parasite while 20 (12.5%) harboured more than one parasite.190 (54.3%) were non infected with any of intestinal parasite . It was observed that the most common intestinal protozoa among children is Giardia lamblia, followed by Entamoeba histolytica and Blastocystis hominis with prevalence rate of infection (30.75%) for the last two parasites . Non pathogenic protozoa (E. coli ,I .butschlii,C. mesenili and E.nana)were found with a prevalence rate of (6.25%, 3.12% ,1.87%,1.87%) respectively . This stuy revealed that the prevalence rate of helmenth infection (18.75%)was lower than the protozoa (68.71%) . It was found that children in the age group ( less than 5 ) years are more susceptible to the infection with G. lamblia (17.5%) and B. hominis (9.37%) , while the infection with E. histolytica was within the age group (5 -14) years. Prevalence of infection with helminths increases with age .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of psychosocial domain of quality of life for women who had undergone hysterectomy

المؤلفون: Atiya K. Mohammed
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive (cross sectional) study was conducted to assess psychosocial domain of quality of life for (100) women who had hysterectomy for non malignant indications during 6-12 months post operative. The study carried out in both consultation clinics of Al-Elwiya Maternity Hospital and Baghdad Teaching Hospital from January 5th 2003 to July 10th 2003). The results of the study show that hysterectomy achieved a highly successful outcome in terms of psychological and social adjustments for hysterectomies women, a highly significant differences between quality of life (QoL) and some of demographic characteristics. Age was the best significant predictor of psychosocial outcome. The study recommended an education programs should be developed for women and their partners, and provision of concerned pamphlets books. Further research that confirm the present data with a large number of women is required.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Association between infant Feeding Practices and Insulin – Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)

المؤلفون: Kahtan H. Hussein
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract The percent study aimed to determination the association between infant feeding practices and Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). The study was conducted at (he National Center of Diabetes in Baghdad City the Capital of Iraq throughout the period of January 2001 to January 2002. The sample was comprised of (200) mother of Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) of children under age of 12 years old. Data was collected through the use of a questionnaire that constructed by researcher and which were developed for the purpose of the present study. Reliability of the instruments was determination through use of person correlation coefficient for the test- retest approach was (0.87) and the instruments validity was determined through content validity which was determined by a panel of expert. Analysis of data was performed through the application of descriptive statistics. The study result had revealed that the majority of diabetic children are bottle-feeding and the lowest are breast feeding, these findings mean that is association between infant feeding practices and the incidence of Insulin - Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM). The study concluded that the diabetes mellitus was highly incidence among children of artificial feeding and low incidence among children of breast-feeding. It was also recommended that the duration of breast-feeding should be continuous at least until the first six mouths of the child age especially those of families at risk of Diabetes.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Factors that Contribute of Lung Cancer

المؤلفون: Hussein H. Al-Ebrahimy
الصفحات: 1-12
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive study to assess of factors that contributes of lung cancer. The study was carried out in Specialized Surgery teaching hospital, Ibin Al- Beetar hospital and Ibin Al- Nafees hospital for the period From January 2004 to October 2004 .The study aimed to assess the factors that contribute to lung cancer and to identify the relationship between the variables of the study with lung cancer. A purposive (non-probability) sample of (70) patients with lung cancer was selected for the study. An assessment form was employed for the purpose of the study. Test- retest reliability was employed through computation of Pearson correlation coefficient. Content validity of the assessment was determined through a panel of experts. Data were collected through the interview technique. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistical approach (chi –square). The study showed that the majority of the study sample were (60-69) years old and most of them were male (65.7%) .The level of education was primary graduate (32.9%) and most of them were working in governmental officer. The result of the study showed that smoking is the majors’ factors that contribute to lung cancer. The study recommended stopping smoking, established special center to lung cancer in Iraq, regular chest exam to workers in the industry and need specialist nurse in cancer in Iraq.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Brucella Synovitis in Ninevah Province

المؤلفون: Rakan Y. Al-Khalidi
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract Out of 222 patients complaining from signs and symtomps raised suspicion for brucellosis, 39 (16 males and 23 females) further more they suffered from joint and/or swelling. Blood and synovial fluid (SF) from each patient were subjected to serological tests and culture. Concerning SF specimens the investigations were extended to gross examination, Blood-Synovial Fluid Glucose Difference (G-S.F.G.D), protein determination, total and differential W.B.C. count. The investigations revealed high agglutinin titres in both blood and SF specimens, abnormal gross appearance, high value (beyond normal) of B-S.F.G.D., protein, total and differential W.B.C. count. The authors succeeded in isolating brucellae 34 and 36 of blood and SF specimens respectively, with predominance of Brucella abortus (26 out of 36). Therefore this study recommends on looking after synovitis due to brucella whenever symptoms rais the suspicion of brucellosis or even when a patient complain from joint pain and also on doing culture for exclusive diagnosis and specific medication. Eventually to have an epidemiological concept, and determining resistance emergency of the isolates.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Health education which is provided to Postoperative Patients with Gallstone "Obstructive Jaundice"

المؤلفون: Widad K. Mohammed
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A description study was carried through out the present study aimed to assess health education provided by nurses to patient with gall stone "obstructive jaundice". The study was conducted at 4 teaching hospital, Baghdad teaching hospital, Al-Karama teaching hospital, Al-Yarmook teaching hospital, Al-Kendy teaching hospital where choloecystectomy was performed, in the period from first of June 2004 to end of July 2004. Data were collected through the use of questionnaire an interview from which was developed for the purpose of the present study. A non-probability (purposive) sample which was consisted of (50) nurse who were dealing with patients who had choloecystectomy. The main result of the study revealed significant association between nurse's gender, education level and their providing of health education about gall stone "obstructive jaundice" to the patients

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Nurses Performance in Pain Management for Burn Patient at Baghdad City’s General Hospitals

المؤلفون: Kassim M. Al-Umairi
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract A descriptive study was carried out on nurses who were working at burn. Units in Baghdad city hospitals, Al-Kindy , Al-Yarmook, Al-Qadisiya, Al-karkh, and Al-Karama hospital, in the period from 20th july 2003 to 20th November 2003. The study aimed to identify the nurses performance about pain management for burned patients at burn units and find out the relationship between the demographic characteristics and performance . A purposive (non-probability) sample of (40) nurses, (24) male nurses and (16) female. The data were collected through the use of observational checklist, which comprised (38) items distributed on four parts. The validity and reliability of the instrument were determined through a pilot study and by exposing the data to a panel of experts in the field. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis that includes frequency count, percentages and means, also used inferential statistical analysis that includes the means of scores, chi-square test. The results of the study showed that there was deficiency in nursing management presented by the nurses at burn units. There was significant difference between the performance and level of education. The results of the study showed that the nurses at burn units needs more training for pain management. The study concluded that those nurses should have institute level or more. The study recommended that it is better to develop and improve the nursing staff by continuous educational and training program cessions.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment of Nurses Implementation of Universal Precautions in the AIDS Wards of Ibn-Zuheir and Ibn- Al- Kahteeb Hospitals

المؤلفون: Huda B. Hassan
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A descriptive study was conducted at two Epidemic Hospitals in Baghdad from 1st of August( 2003) to 1st of October (2004) in order to identify the nursing staff working in AIDS word to implementation of universal precautions for patients with AIDS and relation to some variable. The sample is consisted of (50) nurses who are working in AIDS ward in Ibn- Zuheir and Ibn- Al- Kahteeb Hospitals. Instruments consist of (20) items related with demographic characteristics of nurses and universal precautions items . Validity of the instrument was established through a panel of( 4) experts in specific fields . Descriptive and inferential statistics procedure were applied to the data analysis. Results its show that most of nurses was males and they have (16-20) years of experience and there are significant relationship between the implementation of universal precautions and years of experience. The study recommended to planning and implementing specific training programs for nurses in all health institutions about universal precautions.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Assessment quality of life for patients with cerebro vascular accident

المؤلفون: Samira A. Gourgees
الصفحات: 1-10
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abstract : A descriptive study was conducted out patient in Neuralgic Hospital and Teaching Baghdad Teaching Hospital from 1st July / 2004 through October 1st / 2004 . in order to assess with QOL for CVA patients , the study aimed to identifying the QOL domain of ( physical , psychological , level of independence , social and environment ) and it relation with some demographic characteristic which is related to those patients .A purposive sample of ( 50 ) CVA patients who selected from out patient clinic of hospitals . A development questionnaire was structured and is adopted of WHO quality of life questionnaire presented into ( 2 ) parts consist of ( 77 items ) that included 1. demographic data, 2. assessment of CVA patient with QOL domains . Reliability of the study instruments was obtained through test and retest reliability which ( 0.92 ) the content validity questionnaire was determined through panel of experts . Descriptive statistical analysis that used ( frequency , percentage , mean of score ) and inferential statistical analysis (ANOVA , t test) The study findings had revealed that the sub domain of energy and fatigue as part of the physical domain of the quality of life had greatly effected domain had also level independence , environment and social relation ship.The study recommended education program to be developed and implement for patient .

الكلمات الدلالية

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: